Christian Democratic Union of Germany | election results

Election results

Election posters of the CDU in 1949

Federal Parliament (Bundestag)

Election year Leader No. of
constituency votes
No. of
party list votes
% of
party list votes
No. of
overall seats won
+/– Government
1949 Konrad Adenauer 5,978,636 25.2
115 / 402
CDU/CSU–FDPDP
1953 9,577,659 10,016,594 36.4
197 / 509
Increase 82 CDU/CSU–FDPDP
1957 11,975,400 11,875,339 39.7
222 / 519
Increase 25 CDU/CSU–DP
1961 11,622,995 11,283,901 35.8
201 / 521
Decrease 21 CDU/CSU–FDP
1965 12,631,319 12,387,562 38.0
202 / 518
Increase 1 CDU/CSU–SPD
1969 Kurt Georg Kiesinger 12,137,148 12,079,535 36.6
201 / 518
Decrease 1 Opposition
1972 Rainer Barzel 13,304,813 13,190,837 35.2
186 / 518
Decrease 15 Opposition
1976 Helmut Kohl 14,423,157 14,367,302 38.0
201 / 518
Increase 15 Opposition
1980 13,467,207 12,989,200 34.2
185 / 519
Decrease 16 Opposition
1983 15,943,460 14,857,680 38.1
202 / 520
Increase 17 CDU/CSU–FDP
1987 14,168,527 13,045,745 34.4
185 / 519
Decrease 17 CDU/CSU–FDP
1990 17,707,574 17,055,116 36.7
268 / 662
Increase 83 CDU/CSU–FDP
1994 17,473,325 16,089,960 34.2
244 / 672
Decrease 24 CDU/CSU–FDP
1998 15,854,215 14,004,908 28.4
198 / 669
Decrease 46 Opposition
2002 Angela Merkel 15,336,512 14,167,561 29.5
190 / 603
Decrease 8 Opposition
2005 15,390,950 13,136,740 27.8
180 / 614
Decrease 10 CDU/CSU–SPD
2009 13,856,674 11,828,277 27.3
194 / 622
Increase 14 CDU/CSU–FDP
2013 16,233,642 14,921,877 34.1
254 / 630
Increase 61 CDU/CSU–SPD
2017 14,027,804 12,445,832 26.8
200 / 709
Decrease 54 CDU/CSU–SPD

European Parliament

Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats won
+/–
1979 10,883,085 39.0 (2nd)
33 / 81
1984 9,308,411 37.5 (1st)
32 / 81
Increase 1
1989 8,332,846 29.5 (2nd)
24 / 81
Decrease 8
1994 11,346,073 32.0 (2nd)
39 / 99
Increase 15
1999 10,628,224 39.2 (1st)
43 / 99
Increase 4
2004 9,412,009 36.5 (1st)
40 / 99
Decrease 3
2009 8,071,391 30.6 (1st)
34 / 99
Decrease 6
2014 8,807,500 30.0 (1st)
29 / 96
Decrease 5
2019 8,437,093 22.6 (1st)
23 / 96
Decrease 6

State Parliaments (Länder)

Note that the CDU does not contest elections in Bavaria due to the alliance with Bavarian sister party, the CSU.

State Parliament Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
Seats Government
No. ± Position
Baden-Württemberg 2016 1,447,249 27.0 (2nd) Decrease
42 / 143
Decrease 18 Decrease 2nd Greens–CDU
Berlin 2016 288,002 17.6 (2nd) Decrease
31 / 160
Decrease 8 Steady 2nd Opposition
Brandenburg 2019 196,988 15.6 (3rd) Decrease
15 / 88
Decrease 6 Decrease 3rd SPD–CDU–Greens
Bremen 2019 390,414 26.7 (1st) Increase
24 / 84
Increase 4 Increase 1st Opposition
Hamburg 2020 445,631 11.2 (3rd) Decrease
15 / 121
Decrease 5 Decrease 3rd Opposition
Hesse 2018 776,254 27.0 (1st) Decrease
40 / 137
Decrease 7 Steady 1st CDU–Greens
Lower Saxony 2017 2,707,274 35.4 (2nd) Decrease
50 / 137
Decrease 4 Decrease 2nd SPD–CDU
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2016 153,101 19.0 (3rd) Decrease
16 / 71
Decrease 2 Decrease 3rd SPD–CDU
North Rhine-Westphalia 2017 2,796,683 33.0 (1st) Increase
72 / 199
Increase 5 Increase 1st CDU–FDP
Rhineland-Palatinate 2016 677,507 31.8 (2nd) Decrease
35 / 101
Decrease 6 Steady 2nd Opposition
Saarland 2017 217,265 40.7 (1st) Increase
24 / 51
Increase 5 Steady 1st CDU–SPD
Saxony 2019 695,560 32.1 (1st) Decrease
45 / 119
Decrease 14 Steady 1st CDU–SPD-Greens
Saxony-Anhalt 2016 334,123 29.8 (1st) Decrease
30 / 87
Decrease 12 Steady 1st CDU–SPD–Greens
Schleswig-Holstein 2017 470,312 32.0 (1st) Increase
25 / 73
Increase 3 Steady 1st CDU–Greens–FDP
Thuringia 2019 241,103 21.8 (3rd) Decrease
21 / 90
Decrease 13 Decrease 3rd Opposition