Yitzhak Rabin

  • yitzhak rabin
    flickr - israel defense forces - life of lt. gen. yitzhak rabin, 7th idf chief of staff in photos (11).jpg
    5th prime minister of israel
    in office
    13 july 1992 – 4 november 1995
    president
    • chaim herzog
    • ezer weizman
    preceded byyitzhak shamir
    succeeded byshimon peres
    in office
    3 june 1974 – 22 april 1977
    presidentephraim katzir
    preceded bygolda meir
    succeeded byshimon peres (acting)
    10th minister of defense
    in office
    13 july 1992 – 4 november 1995
    prime ministerhimself
    preceded bymoshe arens
    succeeded byshimon peres
    in office
    13 september 1984 – 15 march 1990
    prime minister
    • shimon peres
    • yitzhak shamir
    preceded bymoshe arens
    succeeded bymoshe arens
    personal details
    born(1922-03-01)1 march 1922
    jerusalem, mandatory palestine
    died4 november 1995(1995-11-04) (aged 73)
    tel aviv, israel
    cause of deathassassination
    nationalityisraeli
    political partyalignment, labor party
    spouse(s)
    leah rabin (m. 1948)
    children
    • dalia rabin-pelossof
    • yuval rabin
    professionmilitary officer
    signature
    military service
    allegiance israel
    branch/servicehaganah
    israeli defense forces
    years of service1941–1967
    rankidf ranks ra'al.svg rav aluf
    battles/warssyria–lebanon campaign
    1948 arab–israeli war
    six-day war

    yitzhak rabin (n/;[1] hebrew: יִצְחָק רַבִּין, ipa: [jitsˈχak ʁaˈbin] (about this soundlisten); 1 march 1922 – 4 november 1995) was an israeli politician, statesman and general. he was the fifth prime minister of israel, serving two terms in office, 1974–77, and 1992 until his assassination in 1995.

    rabin was born in jerusalem to ukrainian jewish immigrants and was raised in a labor zionist household. he learned agriculture in school and excelled as a student. he led a 27-year career as a soldier. as a teenager he joined the palmach, the commando force of the yishuv. he eventually rose through its ranks to become its chief of operations during israel's war of independence. he joined the newly formed israel defense forces in late 1948 and continued to rise as a promising officer. he helped shape the training doctrine of the idf in the early 1950s, and led the idf's operations directorate from 1959 to 1963. he was appointed chief of the general staff in 1964 and oversaw israel's victory in the 1967 six-day war.

    rabin served as israel's ambassador to the united states from 1968 to 1973, during a period of deepening u.s.–israel ties. he was appointed prime minister of israel in 1974, after the resignation of golda meir. in his first term, rabin signed the sinai interim agreement and ordered the entebbe raid. he resigned in 1977 in the wake of a financial scandal. rabin was israel's minister of defense for much of the 1980s, including during the outbreak of the first intifada.

    in 1992, rabin was re-elected as prime minister on a platform embracing the israeli–palestinian peace process. he signed several historic agreements with the palestinian leadership as part of the oslo accords. in 1994, rabin won the nobel peace prize together with long-time political rival shimon peres and palestinian leader yasser arafat. rabin also signed a peace treaty with jordan in 1994. in november 1995, he was assassinated by an extremist named yigal amir, who opposed the terms of the oslo accords. amir was arrested and convicted of rabin's murder; he was sentenced to life imprisonment. rabin was the first native-born prime minister of israel, the only prime minister to be assassinated and the second to die in office after levi eshkol. rabin has become a symbol of the israeli–palestinian peace process.

  • personal life
  • marriage and family
  • military career
  • ambassador and minister of labour
  • first term as prime minister
  • opposition knesset member and minister of defense
  • second term as prime minister
  • assassination and aftermath
  • commemoration
  • published works
  • see also
  • bibliography
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Yitzhak Rabin
Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Life of Lt. Gen. Yitzhak Rabin, 7th IDF Chief of Staff in photos (11).jpg
5th Prime Minister of Israel
In office
13 July 1992 – 4 November 1995
President
Preceded byYitzhak Shamir
Succeeded byShimon Peres
In office
3 June 1974 – 22 April 1977
PresidentEphraim Katzir
Preceded byGolda Meir
Succeeded byShimon Peres (acting)
10th Minister of Defense
In office
13 July 1992 – 4 November 1995
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byMoshe Arens
Succeeded byShimon Peres
In office
13 September 1984 – 15 March 1990
Prime Minister
Preceded byMoshe Arens
Succeeded byMoshe Arens
Personal details
Born(1922-03-01)1 March 1922
Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine
Died4 November 1995(1995-11-04) (aged 73)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Cause of deathAssassination
NationalityIsraeli
Political partyAlignment, Labor Party
Spouse(s)
Leah Rabin (m. 1948)
Children
ProfessionMilitary officer
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Israel
Branch/serviceHaganah
Israeli Defense Forces
Years of service1941–1967
RankIDF Ranks Ra'al.svg Rav Aluf
Battles/warsSyria–Lebanon Campaign
1948 Arab–Israeli War
Six-Day War

Yitzhak Rabin (n/;[1] Hebrew: יִצְחָק רַבִּין, IPA: [jitsˈχak ʁaˈbin] (About this soundlisten); 1 March 1922 – 4 November 1995) was an Israeli politician, statesman and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms in office, 1974–77, and 1992 until his assassination in 1995.

Rabin was born in Jerusalem to Ukrainian Jewish immigrants and was raised in a Labor Zionist household. He learned agriculture in school and excelled as a student. He led a 27-year career as a soldier. As a teenager he joined the Palmach, the commando force of the Yishuv. He eventually rose through its ranks to become its chief of operations during Israel's War of Independence. He joined the newly formed Israel Defense Forces in late 1948 and continued to rise as a promising officer. He helped shape the training doctrine of the IDF in the early 1950s, and led the IDF's Operations Directorate from 1959 to 1963. He was appointed Chief of the General Staff in 1964 and oversaw Israel's victory in the 1967 Six-Day War.

Rabin served as Israel's ambassador to the United States from 1968 to 1973, during a period of deepening U.S.–Israel ties. He was appointed Prime Minister of Israel in 1974, after the resignation of Golda Meir. In his first term, Rabin signed the Sinai Interim Agreement and ordered the Entebbe raid. He resigned in 1977 in the wake of a financial scandal. Rabin was Israel's minister of defense for much of the 1980s, including during the outbreak of the First Intifada.

In 1992, Rabin was re-elected as prime minister on a platform embracing the Israeli–Palestinian peace process. He signed several historic agreements with the Palestinian leadership as part of the Oslo Accords. In 1994, Rabin won the Nobel Peace Prize together with long-time political rival Shimon Peres and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. Rabin also signed a peace treaty with Jordan in 1994. In November 1995, he was assassinated by an extremist named Yigal Amir, who opposed the terms of the Oslo Accords. Amir was arrested and convicted of Rabin's murder; he was sentenced to life imprisonment. Rabin was the first native-born prime minister of Israel, the only prime minister to be assassinated and the second to die in office after Levi Eshkol. Rabin has become a symbol of the Israeli–Palestinian peace process.