Wisconsin

Wisconsin
State of Wisconsin
Nickname(s): 
Badger State; America's Dairyland[1][2][3][4] (No official nickname)[5]
Motto(s): 
Forward
Anthem: On, Wisconsin!
Map of the United States with Wisconsin highlighted
Map of the United States with Wisconsin highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodWisconsin Territory
Admitted to the UnionMay 29, 1848 (30th)
CapitalMadison
Largest cityMilwaukee
Largest metroChicago metropolitan area
Government
 • GovernorTony Evers (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorMandela Barnes (D)
LegislatureWisconsin Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseAssembly
U.S. senatorsRon Johnson (R)
Tammy Baldwin (D)
U.S. House delegation4 Republicans
3 Democrats
1 Vacant (list)
Area
 • Total65,498.37 sq mi (169,640 km2)
 • Land54,310 sq mi (140,663 km2)
Area rank23rd
Dimensions
 • Length311 mi (507 km)
 • Width260 mi (427 km)
Elevation
1,050 ft (320 m)
Highest elevation1,951 ft (595 m)
Lowest elevation579 ft (176 m)
Population
 • Total5,813,568 (2,018)
 • Rank20th
 • Density105/sq mi (40.6/km2)
 • Density rank23rd
 • Median household income
$59,305 [8]
 • Income rank
23rd
Demonym(s)Wisconsinite
Language
Time zoneUTC-06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
WI
ISO 3166 codeUS-WI
www.wisconsin.gov
Wisconsin state symbols
Flag of Wisconsin.svg
Seal of Wisconsin.svg
Living insignia
BirdAmerican robin
Turdus migratorius
FishMuskellunge
Esox masquinongy
FlowerWood violet
Viola sororia
InsectWestern honey bee
Apis mellifera
TreeSugar maple
Acer saccharum
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
DancePolka
FoodCorn
Zea mays
FossilTrilobite
Calymene celebra
MineralGalena
RockRed granite
SloganAmerica's Dairyland[9]
SoilAntigo silt loam
TartanWisconsin tartan
State route marker
Wisconsin state route marker
State quarter
Wisconsin quarter dollar coin
Released in 2004
Lists of United States state symbols

Wisconsin (n/ (About this soundlisten)) is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been greatly impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area. The Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline.

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, many European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.

Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland"[10] because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers, particularly famous for its cheese. Manufacturing (especially paper products), information technology (IT), cranberries, ginseng,[11] and tourism are also major contributors to the state's economy.

Etymology

The word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact.[12] French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal.[13] Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, and over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century. The legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845.[14]

The Algonquian word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure. Interpretations vary, but most implicate the river and the red sandstone that lines its banks. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells.[15] Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock".[16]