|State of Wisconsin|
|Anthem: On, Wisconsin!|
Map of the United States with Wisconsin highlighted
|Before statehood||Wisconsin Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||May 29, 1848 (30th)|
|Largest metro||Chicago metropolitan area|
| • Governor||Tony Evers (D)|
| • Lieutenant Governor||Mandela Barnes (D)|
| • Upper house||Senate|
| • Lower house||Assembly|
|U.S. senators||Ron Johnson (R)|
Tammy Baldwin (D)
|U.S. House delegation||4 Republicans|
1 Vacant (list)
| • Total||65,498.37 sq mi (169,640 km2)|
| • Land||54,310 sq mi (140,663 km2)|
| • Length||311 mi (507 km)|
| • Width||260 mi (427 km)|
|Elevation||1,050 ft (320 m)|
|Highest elevation||1,951 ft (595 m)|
|Lowest elevation||579 ft (176 m)|
| • Total||5,813,568 (2,018)|
| • Rank||20th|
| • Density||105/sq mi (40.6/km2)|
| • Density rank||23rd|
| • Median household income||$59,305 |
| • Income rank||23rd|
|Time zone||UTC-06:00 (Central)|
| • Summer (DST)||UTC-05:00 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-WI|
Wisconsin (/ (listen)) is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.
Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been greatly impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area. The Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, many European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.
Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers, particularly famous for its cheese. Manufacturing (especially paper products), information technology (IT), cranberries, ginseng, and tourism are also major contributors to the state's economy.
The word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal. Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, and over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century. The legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845.
The Algonquian word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure. Interpretations vary, but most implicate the river and the red sandstone that lines its banks. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock".