Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

Ўзбекистон Совет Социалистик Республикаси (Uzbek)
Узбекская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Russian)
1924–1991
Motto: Бутун дунё пролетарлари, бирлашингиз! (Uzbek)
Butun dunyo proletarlari, birlashingiz! (transliteration)
"Proletarians of all nations, unite!"
Anthem: Ўзбекистон Совет Социалист Республикасининг давлат мадҳияси
Oʻzbekiston Sovet Sotsialist Respublikasining davlat madhiyasi;
"Anthem of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic"

Location of Uzbekistan within the Soviet Union.
Location of Uzbekistan within the Soviet Union.
StatusSoviet Socialist Republic
CapitalBukhara (1925)
Samarkand (1925–1930)
Tashkent (1930–1991)
Common languagesOfficial languages:
Uzbek · Russian
Minority languages:
Tajik · Karakalpak · Kazakh · Tatar · Koryo-mar · Bukhori · Dungan · Central Asian Arabic · Parya
Demonym(s)Uzbek
Soviet
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist single-party Soviet socialist republic (1924–1990)
Unitary presidential republic (1990–1991)
Leader 
• 1925–1927
Vladimir Ivanovich Ivanov (first)
• 1989–1991
Islam Karimov (last)
Premier 
• 1924–1937
Fayzulla Khodzhayev (first)
• 1990–1990
Shukrullo Mirsaidov (last)
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
History 
• Succeeds Turkestan ASSR
27 October 1924
• Republic proclaimed
5 December 1924
• Accession of Karakalpakstan
5 December 1936
• State sovereignty declared
20 June 1990
• Renamed Republic of Uzbekistan/Independence
31 August 1991
• Independence recognized
25 December 1991
Area
1989447,400 km2 (172,700 sq mi)
Population
• 1989
19,906,000
CurrencySoviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Calling code7 36/37/436
ISO 3166 codeUZ
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bukharan People's Soviet Republic
Khorezm SSR
Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Tajik SSR
Uzbekistan
Today part ofUzbekistan
Tajikistan

Uzbekistan[1][2] (US: n/ (About this soundlisten), UK: n/) is the common English name for the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR; Uzbek: Ўзбекистон ССР, Oʻzbekiston SSR; Russian: Узбекская ССР, Uzbekskaya SSR) and later, the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi, Ўзбекистон Республикаси), that refers to the period of Uzbekistan from 1924 to 1991. as one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union. It was governed by the Uzbek branch of the Soviet Communist Party, the only legal political party, from 1925 until 1990. From 1990 to 1991, it was a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with its own legislation. Sometimes, that period is also referred to as Soviet Uzbekistan.

Beginning 20 June 1990, the Uzbek SSR adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty within its borders. Islam Karimov became the republic's inaugural president.

On 31 August 1991, the Uzbek SSR was renamed the Republic of Uzbekistan and declared independence three months before the Soviet Union's dissolution on 26 December 1991.

Uzbekistan was bordered by Kazakhstan to the north; Tajikistan to the southeast; Kirghizia to the northeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest.

Name

The name, Uzbekistan, literally means "Home of the Free", taken from an amalgamation of uz (Turkic: "self"), bek (Turkic: "master", "bey in modern Turkish"), and -stan (Persian: "land of"). However, the official name of the republic was the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic as defined by its 1937 and 1978 Constitutions.