This article needs editing for compliance with Wikipedia's
|Formation||11 December 1946(as United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund)|
|Executive Director of the United Nations Children’s Fund |
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), originally known as the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, was created by the
UNICEF relies on contributions from governments and private donors. UNICEF's total income for 2015 was US$5,009,557,471. Governments contribute two-thirds of the organization's resources. Private groups and individuals contribute the rest through national committees. It is estimated that 92 percent of UNICEF revenue is distributed to program services. UNICEF's programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. UNICEF was awarded the
Most of UNICEF's work is in the field, with a presence in 192 countries and territories. UNICEF's network of over 150 country offices, headquarters and other offices, and 34 National Committees carry out UNICEF's mission through programs developed with host governments. Seven regional offices provide technical assistance to country offices as needed.
UNICEF's Supply Division is based in
Each country office carries out UNICEF's mission through a unique program of cooperation developed with the host government. This five-year program focuses on practical ways to realize the rights of children and women. Regional offices guide this work and provide technical assistance to country offices as needed. Overall management and administration of the organization takes place at the headquarters, where global policy on children is shaped. Guiding and monitoring all of UNICEF's work is an Executive Board made up of 36 members who are government representatives. They establish policies, approve programs and decide on administrative and financial plans and budgets. Executive Board's work is coordinated by the Bureau, comprising the President and four Vice-Presidents, each officer representing one of the five regional groups. These five officers, each one representing one of the five regional groups, are elected by the Executive Board each year from among its members, with the presidency rotating among the regional groups on an annual basis. As a matter of custom, permanent members of the Security Council do not serve as officers of the Executive Board. Office of the Secretary of the Executive Board supports and services the Executive Board. It is responsible for maintaining an effective relationship between the Executive Board and the UNICEF secretariat, and helps to organize the field visits of the Executive Board.
The following countries are home to UNICEF Regional Offices.
1)The Americas and Caribbean Regional Office, Panama City, Panama 2)Europe and Central Asia Regional Office, Geneva, Switzerland 3)East Asia and the Pacific Regional Office, Bangkok, Thailand 4)Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office, Nairobi, Kenya 5)Middle East and North Africa Regional Office, Amman, Jordan 6)South Asia Regional Office, Kathmandu, Nepal 7)West and Central Africa Regional Office, Senegal