A page from the Atharvaveda
hymns, which are estimated to have been compiled between 1200 - 1000 BC
Hindu scriptures are classified into two parts: shruti or śruti, meaning what has been heard and smriti, or smṛti, meaning what has been retained or remembered. The Vedas are classified under śruti.
The following list provides a somewhat common set of reconstructed dates for the terminus ante quem of Hindu texts, by title or genre. All dates here given ought to be regarded as roughly approximate, subject to further revision, and generally as relying for their validity on highly inferential methods and standards of evidence. It is also notable that Hinduism largely followed an oral tradition to pass on knowledge, for which there is no record of historical dates; hence, the below dates are to be considered as to when written records of these texts were found, and not necessarily when they originated.
- Samhita, Brahmana layers of the Vedas
The early Upanishads were composed over 900 - 300 BCE.
- Mahabharata, 400 BCE(Origins likely in the 8th or 9th century BCE)
- Bhagavad Gita, 400 BCE
- Ramayana, 400 BCE
- Samkhya Sutra
- Mimamsa Sutra, 300-200 BCE
- Arthashastra, 400 BCE-
- Nyaya Sutra, 2nd century BCE
- Vaiseshika Sutra, 2nd century BCE
- Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, 100 BCE - 500 CE
- Brahma Sutra, 500 BCE
- Puranas, 250 – 1000 CE
- Shiva Sutras, 120 BCE
- Abhinavabharati, 950 - 1020 CE
- Yoga Vasistha, 750 CE