this article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents
. (december 2019)
first/given/forename, middle, and last/family/surname with john fitzgerald kennedy
as example. this shows a structure typical for english-speaking cultures (and some others). other cultures use other structures for full names.
a surname, family name, or last name is the portion (in some cultures) of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture). depending on the culture, all members of a family unit may have identical surnames or there may be variations based on the cultural rules.