States General of the Netherlands

  • states general

    staten-generaal
    coat of arms or logo
    type
    type
    bicameral
    housessenate
    house of representatives
    leadership
    president of the senate
    jan anthonie bruijn, vvd
    since 2 july 2019
    speaker of the house of representatives
    khadija arib, pvda
    since 13 january 2016
    structure
    seats225
    75 senators
    150 representatives
    netherlands senate 2019.svg
    senate political groups
    government (32)
    •      vvd (12)
    •      cda (9)
    •      d66 (7)
    •      cu (4)

    opposition (43)

    •      fvd (9)
    •      gl (8)
    •      pvda (6)
    •      pvv (5)
    •      sp (4)
    •      pvdd (3)
    •      group otten (3)
    •      50+ (2)
    •      sgp (2)
    •      osf (1)
    tweede kamer 2017.svg
    house of representatives political groups
    government (75)[1]
    •      vvd (33)
    •      cda (19)
    •      d66 (19)
    •      cu (5)

    opposition parties (75)

    •      pvv (20)
    •      gl (14)
    •      sp (14)
    •      pvda (9)
    •      pvdd (4)
    •      50+ (4)
    •      sgp (3)
    •      denk (3)
    •      fvd (2)
    •      independent (2)
    elections
    senate voting system
    indirect election
    house of representatives voting system
    party-list proportional representation
    senate last election
    27 may 2019
    house of representatives last election
    15 march 2017
    meeting place
    den haag binnenhof & skyline 2.jpg
    binnenhof
    the hague, staten-generaal.nl

    the states general of the netherlands (dutch: staten-generaal [ˌstaː.tə(n).ɣeː.nəˈraːl] (about this soundlisten)) is the bicameral legislature of the netherlands consisting of the senate (eerste kamer) and the house of representatives (tweede kamer). both chambers meet at the binnenhof in the hague.

    the states general originated in the 15th century as an assembly of all the provincial states of the burgundian netherlands. in 1579, during the dutch revolt, the states general split as the northern provinces openly rebelled against philip ii, and the northern states general replaced philip ii as the supreme authority of the dutch republic in 1581. the states general were replaced by the national assembly after the batavian revolution of 1795, only to be restored in 1814, when the country had regained its sovereignty. the states general was divided into a senate and a house of representatives in 1815, with the establishment of the united kingdom of the netherlands. after the constitutional amendment of 1848, members of the house of representatives were directly elected, and the rights of the states general were vastly extended, practically establishing parliamentary democracy in the netherlands.

    since 1918, the members of the house of representatives are elected for four years using party-list proportional representation, while the 75 members of the senate are elected by the states-provincial every four years. on exceptional occasions, the two houses form a joint session known as the united assembly. the president of the senate serves as president of the states general during a united assembly. jan anthonie bruijn (vvd) has been president of the senate since 2019.

  • etymology
  • history
  • functions
  • oldest living members of the states general
  • notes and references
  • external links

States General

Staten-Generaal
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
HousesSenate
House of Representatives
Leadership
Jan Anthonie Bruijn, VVD
since 2 July 2019
Khadija Arib, PvdA
since 13 January 2016
Structure
Seats225
75 Senators
150 Representatives
Netherlands Senate 2019.svg
Senate political groups
Government (32)
  •      VVD (12)
  •      CDA (9)
  •      D66 (7)
  •      CU (4)

Opposition (43)

Tweede Kamer 2017.svg
House of Representatives political groups
Government (75)[1]
  •      VVD (33)
  •      CDA (19)
  •      D66 (19)
  •      CU (5)

Opposition parties (75)

Elections
Indirect election
Party-list proportional representation
Senate last election
27 May 2019
15 March 2017
Meeting place
Den Haag Binnenhof & Skyline 2.jpg
Binnenhof
The Hague, staten-generaal.nl

The States General of the Netherlands (Dutch: Staten-Generaal [ˌstaː.tə(n).ɣeː.nəˈraːl] (About this soundlisten)) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer). Both chambers meet at the Binnenhof in The Hague.

The States General originated in the 15th century as an assembly of all the provincial states of the Burgundian Netherlands. In 1579, during the Dutch Revolt, the States General split as the northern provinces openly rebelled against Philip II, and the northern States General replaced Philip II as the supreme authority of the Dutch Republic in 1581. The States General were replaced by the National Assembly after the Batavian Revolution of 1795, only to be restored in 1814, when the country had regained its sovereignty. The States General was divided into a Senate and a House of Representatives in 1815, with the establishment of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. After the constitutional amendment of 1848, members of the House of Representatives were directly elected, and the rights of the States General were vastly extended, practically establishing parliamentary democracy in the Netherlands.

Since 1918, the members of the House of Representatives are elected for four years using party-list proportional representation, while the 75 members of the Senate are elected by the States-Provincial every four years. On exceptional occasions, the two houses form a joint session known as the United Assembly. The President of the Senate serves as President of the States General during a United Assembly. Jan Anthonie Bruijn (VVD) has been President of the Senate since 2019.