State-sponsored terrorism

State-sponsored terrorism is government support of violent non-state actors engaged in terrorism.[1][failed verification] Because of the pejorative nature of the word, the identification of particular examples are usually subject to political dispute and different definitions of terrorism.


One possible definition is the US State Department's List of State Sponsors of Terrorism.[2] The US State Department designation is authorized by three laws: the Export Administration Act of 1979, the Arms Export Control Act, and the Foreign Assistance Act. As of July 2018 there are four countries on this list: North Korea, Iran, Sudan and Syria. According to the State Department there are four types of sanctions imposed on countries who are designated state-sponsors of terrorism under these statutes: restrictions on U.S. foreign assistance, a ban on defense exports and sales, certain controls over exports of dual use items; and miscellaneous financial and other restrictions.[3]