Sancho II of Castile and León

Sancho II
Sancho II de Leão e Castela - Compendio de crónicas de reyes (Biblioteca Nacional de España).png
Sancho II in the Castilian manuscript Compendium of Chronicles of Kings (...) (c. 1312-1325). Currently located at Biblioteca Nacional de España.
King of Castile
Reign1065–1072
PredecessorFerdinand I
SuccessorAlfonso VI
King of León
Reign1072
Coronation12 January 1072 (León)
PredecessorAlfonso VI
SuccessorAlfonso VI
King of Galicia
Reign1071–1072
PredecessorGarcía II
SuccessorAlfonso VI
Bornc. 1036/1038
Zamora
Died6 October 1072 (aged 33–36)
Zamora
Burial
ConsortAlberta
DynastyJiménez
FatherFerdinand I of León and Castile
MotherSancha of León
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Sancho II (1036/1038 – 7 October 1072), called the Strong (el Fuerte), was King of Castile (1065–72), Galicia (1071–72) and León (1072).

Family

Born at Zamora, Sancho was the eldest son of Ferdinand the Great and Sancha of León.[1] He was married to Alberta, known by name only from her appearance as Sancho's queen in contemporary charters. Chronicler William of Poitiers related that competition for the hand of a daughter of William I, king of England led to strife between two sons of Ferdinand I, and some historians have thus speculated that Sancho's wife, with her non-Iberian name, may have been the daughter in question.[2][3][4] However, two later Norman chroniclers report that it was instead the betrothed of Alfonso VI, and not Sancho's wife Alberta, who was William's daughter.[2][3]

After Ferdinand the Great defeated and killed his wife's brother in battle, Ferdinand was crowned King of León and Castile and called himself Imperator totius Hispaniae ("Emperor of all Spain"). When the kingdom was divided following Ferdinand's death in 1065, Sancho succeeded his father as King of Castile, while Sancho's younger brother Alfonso become King of León and his youngest brother García became king of the reestablished Kingdom of Galicia (partitioned from León). Each of the brothers was also assigned a sphere of influence among the Taifa states. Ferdinand also granted some holdings to his two daughters, giving Urraca control of the city of Zamora and Elvira the city of Toro, both enclaved within Alfonso's Kingdom of León.

Kingdoms in the Northern Iberian Peninsula around 1065:
  Garcia II´s Kingdom of Galicia
  Alfonso VI´s Kingdom of León
  Sancho II´s Kingdom of Castile
Taifas paying parias to these Kings:
  Badajoz, owing tribute to Garcia
  Seville, owing tribute to Garcia
  Toledo, owing tribute to Alfonso
  Zaragoza, owing tribute to Sancho