Rudra

  • rudra
    the roaring god
    rudra
    rudra, from a 19th-century textbook on hinduism
    affiliationdeva, shiva
    mantrasthirebhiraṅghaiḥ pururūpa ughro babhruḥ śukrebhiḥ pipiśehiraṇyaiḥ īśānādasya bhuvanasya bhūrerna vā u yoṣad rudrādasuryam
    weaponsbow and arrow, trishula
    textsshri rudram
    consortsrudrani

    rudra (ə/; sanskrit: रुद्र) is a rigvedic deity, associated with wind or storm[1] and the hunt. one translation of the name is "the roarer".[2][3][4] in the rigveda, rudra has been praised as the "mightiest of the mighty".[5] rudra is the personification of 'terror'. depending up on the periodic situation, rudra can be meant as the most severe roarer/howler (could be a hurricane or tempest) or the most frightening one.[6] the shri rudram hymn from the yajurveda is dedicated to rudra, and is important in the saivism sect.[7][8]

    the hindu god shiva shares several features with the rudra: the theonym shiva originated as an epithet of rudra, the adjective shiva ("kind") being used euphemistically of rudra, who also carries the epithet aghora, abhayankar ("extremely calm [sic] non terrifying").[3] usage of the epithet came to exceed the original theonym by the post-vedic period (in the sanskrit epics), and the name rudra has been taken as a synonym for the god shiva and the two names are used interchangeably.

  • etymology
  • rigvedic hymns
  • post-rigvedic hymns
  • rudralenka and shiva
  • in sikhism
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Rudra
The Roaring God
Rudra
Rudra, from a 19th-century textbook on Hinduism
AffiliationDeva, Shiva
MantraSthirebhiraṅghaiḥ pururūpa ughro babhruḥ śukrebhiḥ pipiśehiraṇyaiḥ īśānādasya bhuvanasya bhūrerna vā u yoṣad rudrādasuryam
WeaponsBow and Arrow, Trishula
TextsShri Rudram
ConsortsRudrani

Rudra (ə/; Sanskrit: रुद्र) is a Rigvedic deity, associated with wind or storm[1] and the hunt. One translation of the name is "the roarer".[2][3][4] In the Rigveda, Rudra has been praised as the "mightiest of the mighty".[5] Rudra is the personification of 'terror'. Depending up on the periodic situation, Rudra can be meant as the most severe roarer/howler (could be a hurricane or tempest) or the most frightening one.[6] The Shri Rudram hymn from the Yajurveda is dedicated to Rudra, and is important in the Saivism sect.[7][8]

The Hindu god Shiva shares several features with the Rudra: the theonym Shiva originated as an epithet of Rudra, the adjective shiva ("kind") being used euphemistically of Rudra, who also carries the epithet Aghora, Abhayankar ("extremely calm [sic] non terrifying").[3] Usage of the epithet came to exceed the original theonym by the post-Vedic period (in the Sanskrit Epics), and the name Rudra has been taken as a synonym for the god Shiva and the two names are used interchangeably.