Prosper Avril

Prosper Avril
36th President of Haiti
In office
September 17, 1988 – March 10, 1990[1]
Preceded byHenri Namphy
Succeeded byHérard Abraham
Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Haiti
In office
September 19, 1988 – March 10, 1990
Preceded byCarl-Michel Nicholas
Succeeded byHerard Abraham
Member of the Provisional Government of Haiti
In office
February 7, 1987 – March 21, 1987
PresidentHenri Namphy
Personal details
Matthieu Prosper Avril

(1937-12-12) December 12, 1937 (age 81)
Thomazeau, Haiti
Spouse(s)Marie-Ange Nazon

Matthieu Prosper Avril (born December 12, 1937) is a Haitian political figure who was President of Haiti from 1988 to 1990. A trusted member of François Duvalier's Presidential Guard and adviser to Jean-Claude Duvalier, Lt. Gen. Avril led the September 1988 Haitian coup d'état against a transition military government installed after Jean-Claude Duvalier's 1986 overthrow. He was President until March 1990, in a period which according to Amnesty International was "marred by serious human rights violations". He was arrested in 2001, but released in March 2004 after the 2004 Haitian coup d'état overthrew Jean-Bertrand Aristide.


Avril was born in the small town of Thomazeau, near Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince.[2]