Portuguese language

  • portuguese
    português, língua portuguesa
    pronunciationportuguese pronunciation: [puɾtuˈɣeʃ], portuguese pronunciation: [poɾtuˈɡes], [poʁtu′ɡes], portuguese pronunciation: [poɹtu′ɡes], portuguese pronunciation: [poɦtu'gejʃ]
    ethnicitylusophones
    • portuguese
    • brazilians
    • luso-asians
    • luso-africans
    native speakers
    223 million (2012–2016)[1]
    20 million l2 speakers[1]
    language family
    indo-european
    • italic
      • romance
        • western romance
          • ibero-romance
            • west iberian
              • galician-portuguese
                • portuguese
    early forms
    old latin
    • classical latin
      • vulgar latin
        • old portuguese
          (galician-portuguese)
    writing system
    latin (portuguese alphabet)
    portuguese braille
    signed forms
    manually coded portuguese
    official status
    official language in

    recognised minority
    language in

    numerous international organisations
    regulated byportugal:
    lisbon academy of sciences (lisbon academy class of letters)
    brazil:
    academia brasileira de letras
    language codes
    pt
    por
    iso 639-3por
    port1283[6]
    linguasphere51-aaa-a
    map of the portuguese language in the world.svg
      native language
      official and administrative language
      cultural or secondary language
      portuguese-speaking minorities
      portuguese-based creole languages
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.

    portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a western romance language originating in the iberian peninsula. it is the sole official language of portugal, brazil, cape verde, guinea-bissau, mozambique, angola and são tomé and príncipe.[7] it also has co-official language status in east timor, equatorial guinea and chinese macau. as the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of portuguese and portuguese creole speakers are also found in goa, daman and diu in india;[8] in batticaloa on the east coast of sri lanka; in the indonesian island of flores; in the malacca state of malaysia; and the abc islands in the caribbean where papiamento is spoken, while cape verdean creole is the most widely spoken portuguese-based creole. a portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "lusophone" (lusófono).

    portuguese is part of the ibero-romance group that evolved from several dialects of vulgar latin in the medieval kingdom of galicia and the county of portugal, and has kept some celtic phonology and lexicon.[9][10] with approximately 215 to 220 million native speakers and 250 million total speakers, portuguese is usually listed as the sixth most natively spoken language in the world, the third-most spoken european language in the world in terms of native speakers,[11] and the most spoken language in the southern hemisphere. it is also the second-most spoken language, after spanish, in south america and all of latin america, one of the 10 most spoken languages in africa[12] and is an official language of the european union, mercosur, oas, ecowas and the african union. the community of portuguese language countries is an international organization made up of all of the world's officially lusophone nations.

  • history
  • geographic distribution
  • dialects
  • vocabulary
  • classification and related languages
  • phonology
  • grammar
  • writing system
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Portuguese
português, língua portuguesa
PronunciationPortuguese pronunciation: [puɾtuˈɣeʃ], Portuguese pronunciation: [poɾtuˈɡes], [poʁtu′ɡes], Portuguese pronunciation: [poɹtu′ɡes], Portuguese pronunciation: [poɦtu'gejʃ]
EthnicityLusophones
Native speakers
223 million (2012–2016)[1]
20 million L2 speakers[1]
Early forms
Latin (Portuguese alphabet)
Portuguese Braille
Manually coded Portuguese
Official status
Official language in

Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byPortugal:
Lisbon Academy of Sciences (Lisbon Academy Class of Letters)
Brazil:
Academia Brasileira de Letras
Language codes
pt
por
ISO 639-3por
port1283[6]
Linguasphere51-AAA-a
Map of the portuguese language in the world.svg
  Native language
  Official and administrative language
  Cultural or secondary language
  Portuguese-speaking minorities
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola and São Tomé and Príncipe.[7] It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Chinese Macau. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India;[8] in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "Lusophone" (Lusófono).

Portuguese is part of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia and the County of Portugal, and has kept some Celtic phonology and lexicon.[9][10] With approximately 215 to 220 million native speakers and 250 million total speakers, Portuguese is usually listed as the sixth most natively spoken language in the world, the third-most spoken European language in the world in terms of native speakers,[11] and the most spoken language in the Southern Hemisphere. It is also the second-most spoken language, after Spanish, in South America and all of Latin America, one of the 10 most spoken languages in Africa[12] and is an official language of the European Union, Mercosur, OAS, ECOWAS and the African Union. The Community of Portuguese Language Countries is an international organization made up of all of the world's officially Lusophone nations.