Nambiyandar Nambi

Om symbol
Tirumurai
Om symbol
The twelve volumes of Tamil Śaiva hymns of the sixty-three Nayanars
PartsNameAuthor
1,2,3TirukadaikkappuSambandar
4,5,6TevaramTirunavukkarasar
7TirupaatuSundarar
8Tiruvacakam &
Tirukkovaiyar
Manikkavacakar
9Tiruvisaippa &
Tiruppallaandu
Various
10TirumandhiramTirumular
11Various
12Periya PuranamSekkizhar
Paadal Petra Sthalam
Paadal Petra Sthalam
Rajaraja I
Nambiyandar Nambi

Thirunaraiyur Nambiyandar Nambi was an eleventh-century Shaiva scholar of Tamil Nadu in South India who compiled the hymns of Sampantar, Appar and Sundarar and was himself one of the authors of the eleventh volume of the canon of the Tamil liturgical poetry of Shiva, the Tirumurai.[1]

Birth and life

Nambiyandar Nambi was born in the town of Thirunaraiyur into the tradition of the Adi Shaivites, brahmin priests in the temples of Lord Shiva.[2] As per Nambiyandar Nambi Puranam also called as Tirumurai Kanda Puranam, Nambi's patron Rajaraja Chola[3] (ராசா ராசா மன்னவன் அபயகுல சேகரன்) requested him to collect the hymns of the three great poet-saints Sambandar, Appar and Sundarar. Nambi managed to get palm-leaf manuscripts of the hymns, though some had been eaten away by termites. They were able to recover around ten percent of the entire set of hymns. Nambi also wrote a memoir of the lives of the sixty-three great devotees mentioned by Suntarar; the Tiruttondar Tiruvandhadhi. His hymns in praise of Sambandar and Appar provide some biography of those saints.