Maldivians

Maldivians
Dhivehin
ދިވެހިން
Total population
c. 378,114[1] (2018)
Regions with significant populations
 Maldives344,023 (2014)[2]
 Sri Lanka20,000 (2013)[3]
 India10,000 (Including Mahl people) (2011)[4]
 Malaysia1,500 (2008)[5]
 United Kingdom1,000 (2006)
 Singapore1,000 (2008)[5]
 Pakistan450 (2010)[6]
 Australia450 (2011)[7]
 Egypt150 (2011)[8]
Languages
Dhivehi · English
Religion
Islam[9][10][11]
Related ethnic groups
Sinhalese people, Giravaaru people, Tamil people, Malayalam people and Arab people

a. ^ Excluding a smaller number of foreign nationals and ambassadors.

Maldivians (Dhivehi pronunciation: [d̪iˈʋehiŋ]; ދިވެހިން, dhivehin), also called Maldive Islanders,[12] are a nation and Indo-Aryan language ethnic group native to the historic region of the Maldive Islands comprising what is now the Republic of Maldives and the island of Minicoy in Union Territory of Lakshadweep, India. All Maldivians share the same culture and speak the Maldivian language which is a member of the southern group of Indo-Aryan languages.[13] For ethnographic and linguistic purposes as well as geo-political reasons, anthropologists divide the Maldivian people into 3 subgroups.[12]

Subgroups

  • The main group of Maldivians, numbering more than 250,000. This is the group inhabiting the numerous atolls stretching from Ihavandhippolhu (Haa Alif) to Haddhunmathi (Laamu) in Maldives. They constitute over 70% of the total population of all Maldivians. In a larger scale, the third group also comes under this group. From this group comes the standard dialect of Maldivian language which is spoken in the Maldives capital Male' along with the central atolls. Slightly differing variants which are very closely related to the former are spoken in rest of the islands from the far north of Maldives down to Laamu Atoll.[12]
  • The southern group of Maldivians, living in the three southernmost atolls of the equatorial zone (Huvadhu, Fuvahmulah and Addu atolls) in Maldives. This group numbers approximately 60,000 and constitute about 20% of the total population of all Maldivians. The earliest known settlements have been found in this region. According to researchers, this group of Maldivians have the closest proximity to the original Maldivian people in terms of linguistics as well as ethnicity.[12] Each of the 3 atolls of this region speak their own distinctive forms of the Maldivian language (Huvadhu bas, Mulaku bas, Addu bas), which are much different from the rest and as researchers suggest having a closer affinity to what may have been the original.[14]
  • The people of Minicoy (Malikun) – Mahls, numbering about 10,000. The island of Minicoy lies in the northern end of the atoll chain inhabited by Maldivians and is the northernmost group of the Maldivian people. They are only about 3% of the total amount of Maldivians. Although the people of Minicoy are identical to the main group of Maldivians from the first group in terms of ethnicity and linguistics and in a larger scale comes under that group, the day to day politics of Minicoy and after on the secession of the island from Maldivian rule and affiliating with the Indian government, thus acquiring a non-Maldivian citizenship has made this group to be labelled as one among the subgroups of Maldivians. Due to reasons such as politics, having to live in great isolation from the remaining Maldivian people, the Minicoians are steadily undergoing a process of acculturation. This group has its own dialect (called Maliku bas or Mahl) which retains some features of an older Maldivian, and shows Malayalam influences as well. Still, the dialect is mutually intelligible with the standard Maldivian dialect and is more related to the slighter variants of northern Maldives from the first group.[12]