Latino-Faliscan languages and dialects in different shades of blue.
The Latino-Faliscan or Latino-Venetic languages are a group of languages spoken by the Latino-Faliscan people of
Latin eventually absorbed ideas from the others and replaced Faliscan as the power of
Latin and Faliscan have several innovations with Italic:
Some differences are that Latin and Faliscan retain the Indo-European labiovelars /*kʷ, *gʷ/ as qu-, gu- (they would later become velars + semivocal), while in
The consonant inventory of Proto-Latino-Faliscan would be basically identical to that of archaic Latin:
The /kʷ/ sound still had to exist in archaic Latin when the alphabet was developed where the minimum pair comes from: quī /kʷī/ ("who", nominative) - cuī /ku.ī/ ("to whom", dative). Note that in other positions no attempt is made to distinguish between diphthongs and hiatuses: persuādere ("to persuade") is a diphthong but sua ("his"/"her") is a hiatus. For reasons of symmetry, it is quite possible that many sequences of gu in archaic Latin will in fact represent a voiced labiovelar /gʷ/.