La traviata

  • la traviata
    opera by giuseppe verdi
    la traviata premiere violetta costume.jpg
    violetta's costume, premiere 1853
    librettistfrancesco maria piave
    languageitalian
    based onla dame aux camélias
    by alexandre dumas fils
    premiere
    6 march 1853 (1853-03-06)
    teatro la fenice, venice

    la traviata (italian: [la traˈvjaːta, -aviˈaː-]; "the fallen woman")[1][2] is an opera in three acts by giuseppe verdi set to an italian libretto by francesco maria piave. it is based on la dame aux camélias (1852), a play adapted from the novel by alexandre dumas fils. the opera was originally titled violetta, after the main character. it was first performed on 6 march 1853 at la fenice opera house in venice.

    piave and verdi wanted to follow dumas in giving the opera a contemporary setting, but the authorities at la fenice insisted that it be set in the past, "c. 1700". it was not until the 1880s that the composer's and librettist's original wishes were carried out and "realistic" productions were staged.[3] la traviata has become immensely popular and is the most frequently performed of all operas, with 151 in the 2018/2019 season.[4]

  • composition history
  • performance history
  • roles
  • synopsis
  • instrumentation
  • music
  • recordings
  • film versions
  • music based on the opera
  • references
  • external links

La traviata
Opera by Giuseppe Verdi
La Traviata Premiere Violetta Costume.jpg
Violetta's costume, premiere 1853
LibrettistFrancesco Maria Piave
LanguageItalian
Based onLa Dame aux camélias
by Alexandre Dumas fils
Premiere
6 March 1853 (1853-03-06)

La traviata (Italian: [la traˈvjaːta, -aviˈaː-]; "The Fallen Woman")[1][2] is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. It is based on La Dame aux camélias (1852), a play adapted from the novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. The opera was originally titled Violetta, after the main character. It was first performed on 6 March 1853 at La Fenice opera house in Venice.

Piave and Verdi wanted to follow Dumas in giving the opera a contemporary setting, but the authorities at La Fenice insisted that it be set in the past, "c. 1700". It was not until the 1880s that the composer's and librettist's original wishes were carried out and "realistic" productions were staged.[3] La traviata has become immensely popular and is the most frequently performed of all operas, with 151 in the 2018/2019 season.[4]