Kartikeya

  • kartikeya
    god of war and victory
    commander of the gods
    kartikeya
    statue of kartikeya in batu caves temple
    other names
    • murugan
    • subramanya
    • kumara
    • skanda
    • saravana
    • shadanana
    • devasenapati
    • shanmukha
    affiliationdeva
    abodemount kailash
    planetmangala
    mantra
    • oṃ saravaṇa bhava om saravaṇa bhavāya namaḥ[1]
    • kandanukku arohara vetrivel muruganukku arohara[2]
    weapon
    • vel
    • bow and arrow
    animals
    • peacock
    • rooster
    • snake[3]
    daytuesday
    colorred
    mountpeacock
    gendermale
    festivals
    • skanda sashti or shashthi
    • thaipusam
    personal information
    parents
    • shiva (father)
    • parvati (mother)
    siblings
    • ganesha (brother)
    • ashokasundari (sister)
    consortdevasena and valli

    kartikeya (iast: kārttikeya), also known as murugan, skanda, kumara,[4] and subrahmanya, is the hindu god of war.[5][6][7] he is the son of parvati and shiva, brother of ganesha, and a god whose life story has many versions in hinduism.[8] an important deity around south asia since ancient times, kartikeya is particularly popular and predominantly worshipped in south india, sri lanka, singapore and malaysia as murugan.[5][8][6]

    kartikeya is an ancient god, traceable to the vedic era. archaeological evidence from 1st-century ce and earlier,[9] where he is found with hindu god agni (fire), suggest that he was a significant deity in early hinduism.[5] he is found in many medieval temples all over india, such as at the ellora caves and elephanta caves.[10]

    the iconography of kartikeya varies significantly; he is typically represented as an ever-youthful man, riding or near a peacock, dressed with weapons sometimes near a rooster. most icons show him with one head, but some show him with six heads reflecting the legend surrounding his birth where six mothers symbolizing the six stars of pleiades cluster who took care of newly born baby kartikeya.[5][8][6] he grows up quickly into a philosopher-warrior, destroys evil in the form of demon taraka, teaches the pursuit of ethical life and the theology of shaiva siddhanta.[6][7] he has inspired many poet-saints, such as arunagirinathar.[7][11]

    kartikeya is found as a primary deity in temples wherever communities of the tamil people live worldwide, particularly in tamil nadu state of india, sri lanka, mauritius, indonesia, malaysia, singapore, south africa and réunion. three of the six richest and busiest temples in tamil nadu are dedicated to him.[7] the kataragama temple dedicated to him in sri lanka attracts tamils, sinhalese people and the vedda people.[9] he is also found in other parts of india, sometimes as skanda, but in a secondary role along with ganesha, parvati and shiva.[6]

  • etymology and nomenclature
  • textual references
  • iconography
  • legends
  • theology
  • worship
  • temples
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Kartikeya
God of War and Victory
Commander of the Gods
Kartikeya
Statue of Kartikeya in Batu Caves temple
Other names
  • Murugan
  • Subramanya
  • Kumara
  • Skanda
  • Saravana
  • Shadanana
  • Devasenapati
  • Shanmukha
AffiliationDeva
AbodeMount Kailash
PlanetMangala
Mantra
  • Oṃ Saravaṇa Bhava Om Saravaṇa Bhavāya Namaḥ[1]
  • Kandanukku Arohara Vetrivel Muruganukku Arohara[2]
Weapon
Animals
  • Peacock
  • rooster
  • snake[3]
DayTuesday
ColorRed
MountPeacock
GenderMale
Festivals
Personal information
Parents
Siblings
ConsortDevasena and Valli

Kartikeya (IAST: Kārttikeya), also known as Murugan, Skanda, Kumara,[4] and Subrahmanya, is the Hindu god of war.[5][6][7] He is the son of Parvati and Shiva, brother of Ganesha, and a god whose life story has many versions in Hinduism.[8] An important deity around South Asia since ancient times, Kartikeya is particularly popular and predominantly worshipped in South India, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Malaysia as Murugan.[5][8][6]

Kartikeya is an ancient god, traceable to the Vedic era. Archaeological evidence from 1st-century CE and earlier,[9] where he is found with Hindu god Agni (fire), suggest that he was a significant deity in early Hinduism.[5] He is found in many medieval temples all over India, such as at the Ellora Caves and Elephanta Caves.[10]

The iconography of Kartikeya varies significantly; he is typically represented as an ever-youthful man, riding or near a peacock, dressed with weapons sometimes near a rooster. Most icons show him with one head, but some show him with six heads reflecting the legend surrounding his birth where six mothers symbolizing the six stars of Pleiades cluster who took care of newly born baby Kartikeya.[5][8][6] He grows up quickly into a philosopher-warrior, destroys evil in the form of demon Taraka, teaches the pursuit of ethical life and the theology of Shaiva Siddhanta.[6][7] He has inspired many poet-saints, such as Arunagirinathar.[7][11]

Kartikeya is found as a primary deity in temples wherever communities of the Tamil people live worldwide, particularly in Tamil Nadu state of India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, South Africa and Réunion. Three of the six richest and busiest temples in Tamil Nadu are dedicated to him.[7] The Kataragama temple dedicated to him in Sri Lanka attracts Tamils, Sinhalese people and the Vedda people.[9] He is also found in other parts of India, sometimes as Skanda, but in a secondary role along with Ganesha, Parvati and Shiva.[6]