Juan Vicente Gómez

Juan Vicente Gómez
Juan Vicente Gómez, 1911.jpg
39th, 42nd & 44th President of Venezuela
In office
19 December 1908 – 13 August 1913
Preceded byCipriano Castro
Succeeded byJosé Gil Fortoul
In office
24 June 1922 – 30 May 1929
Preceded byVictorino Márquez Bustillos
Succeeded byJuan Bautista Pérez
In office
13 June 1931 – 17 December 1935
Preceded byJuan Bautista Pérez
Succeeded byEleazar López Contreras
Personal details
Born(1857-07-24)24 July 1857
Hacienda La Mulera, Táchira, Venezuela
Died17 December 1935(1935-12-17) (aged 78)
Maracay, Aragua, Venezuela

Juan Vicente Gómez Chacón (24 July 1857 – 17 December 1935) was a military general and de facto ruler of Venezuela from 1908 until his death in 1935. He was president on three occasions during this time, and ruled as an unelected military strongman for the rest of the era.

Early years

Gómez was born into a prominent family of Andean landowners who lived in the La Mulera.[1] He was the firstborn son of Pedro Cornelio Gomez and Hermenegilda Chacon Alarcon.[2] In 1899, he joined the private army of Cipriano Castro, with whom he had been friends since Castro's exile in Colombia. This army swept down on Caracas in 1899 and seized control of the country. He became Castro's vice president and, in 1902, head of the military, responsible for suppressing several major revolts against the government in the battle of Ciudad Bolivar on 21 July 1903. Gómez seized power from Castro on 19 December 1908, while Castro was in Europe for medical treatment.