Jânio Quadros

Jânio Quadros
Janio Quadros.png
President of Brazil
In office
January 31, 1961 – August 25, 1961
Vice PresidentJoão Goulart
Preceded byJuscelino Kubitschek
Succeeded byRanieri Mazzilli (interim)
Mayor of São Paulo
In office
January 1, 1986 – December 31, 1988
Vice MayorArthur Alves Pinto
Preceded byMário Covas
Succeeded byLuiza Erundina
In office
April 8, 1953 – January 31, 1955
Vice MayorPorfírio da Paz
Preceded byArmando de Arruda Pereira
Succeeded byWilliam Salem (interim)
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
for Paraná
In office
February 1, 1959 – January 31, 1961
Governor of São Paulo
In office
January 31, 1955 – January 31, 1959
Vice GovernorErlindo Salzano
Preceded byLucas Nogueira Garcez
Succeeded byCarvalho Pinto
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the State of São Paulo
In office
March 14, 1951 – April 7, 1953
Member of the
Municipal Chamber of São Paulo
In office
May 8, 1947 – March 14, 1951
Personal details
Jânio da Silva Quadros

(1917-01-25)January 25, 1917
Campo Grande, Mato Grosso, Brazil
DiedFebruary 16, 1992(1992-02-16) (aged 75)
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Political party
  • PDC (1947–1960)
  • PTN (1960–1961)
  • PMDB (1980)
  • PTB (1980–1986)
  • PSD (1989–1989)
  • PRN (1989–1992)
Spouse(s)Eloá Quadros
Alma materUniversity of São Paulo

Jânio da Silva Quadros (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒɐ̃niu dɐ ˈsiwvɐ ˈkwadɾus] (About this soundlisten); January 25, 1917 – February 16, 1992[1]) was a Brazilian lawyer and politician who served as 22nd President of Brazil from January 31 to August 25, 1961, when he resigned from office. He also served as the 24th and 36th mayor of São Paulo, and the 18th governor of the state of São Paulo. Quadros was known for his populist style of government, honesty, and his eccentric behavior. As president, he focused on economic reform and attempted to root out corruption. He also pursued an independent foreign policy, trying to balance relations between the United States and the Eastern Bloc. Although he was elected by a huge margin, his term was marked by uncertainty and political instability culminating in his resignation. This unexpected move caused national chaos, with the presidency being assumed by João Goulart.

Early life

Quadros was born in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul on January 25, 1917, to Gabriel Quadros and Leonor da Silva Quadros. He attended the University of São Paulo, funding his education by teaching geography and Portuguese, and graduated in 1939 with a degree in Law.[2] He subsequently practiced law and taught at the Dante Alighieri Institute until 1945, when he became involved in politics. [3]