International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

  • international covenant on civil and political rights
    iccpr-members2.png
    parties and signatories of the iccpr
      state party
      signatory that has not ratified
      state party that attempted to withdraw
      non-state party; non-signatory
    typeunited nations general assembly resolution
    drafted1954
    signed16 december 1966[1]
    locationunited nations headquarters, new york city
    effective23 march 1976[1]
    signatories74[1]
    parties172[1]
    depositarysecretary-general of the united nations
    languagesfrench, english, russian, chinese, spanish[2]
    wikisource
    • international covenant on civil and political rights

    the international covenant on civil and political rights (iccpr) is a multilateral treaty adopted by united nations general assembly resolution 2200a (xxi) on 16 december 1966, and in force from 23 march 1976 in accordance with article 49 of the covenant. article 49 allowed that the covenant would enter into force three months after the date of the deposit of the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification or accession. the covenant commits its parties to respect the civil and political rights of individuals, including the right to life, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, electoral rights and rights to due process and a fair trial.[3] as of september 2019, the covenant has 173 parties and six more signatories without ratification.[1]

    the iccpr is part of the international bill of human rights, along with the international covenant on economic, social and cultural rights (icescr) and the universal declaration of human rights (udhr).[4]

    the iccpr is monitored by the united nations human rights committee (a separate body to the united nations human rights council), which reviews regular reports of states parties on how the rights are being implemented. states must report initially one year after acceding to the covenant and then whenever the committee requests (usually every four years). the committee normally meets in geneva and normally holds three sessions per year.

  • history
  • articles of the covenant
  • optional protocols
  • reservations
  • implementation and effects
  • parties to the covenant
  • states not party to the covenant
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
ICCPR-members2.PNG
Parties and signatories of the ICCPR
  State party
  Signatory that has not ratified
  State party that attempted to withdraw
  Non-state party; non-signatory
TypeUnited Nations General Assembly Resolution
Drafted1954
Signed16 December 1966[1]
LocationUnited Nations Headquarters, New York City
Effective23 March 1976[1]
Signatories74[1]
Parties172[1]
DepositarySecretary-General of the United Nations
LanguagesFrench, English, Russian, Chinese, Spanish[2]
Wikisource

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2200A (XXI) on 16 December 1966, and in force from 23 March 1976 in accordance with Article 49 of the covenant. Article 49 allowed that the covenant would enter into force three months after the date of the deposit of the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification or accession. The covenant commits its parties to respect the civil and political rights of individuals, including the right to life, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, electoral rights and rights to due process and a fair trial.[3] As of September 2019, the Covenant has 173 parties and six more signatories without ratification.[1]

The ICCPR is part of the International Bill of Human Rights, along with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).[4]

The ICCPR is monitored by the United Nations Human Rights Committee (a separate body to the United Nations Human Rights Council), which reviews regular reports of States parties on how the rights are being implemented. States must report initially one year after acceding to the Covenant and then whenever the Committee requests (usually every four years). The Committee normally meets in Geneva and normally holds three sessions per year.