International Court of Justice

  • international court of justice
    cour internationale de justice
    international court of justice seal.svg
    international court of justice seal
    established1945 (pcij dissolved in 1946)
    locationthe hague, netherlands
    coordinates52°05′11.8″n 4°17′43.8″e / 52°05′11.8″n 4°17′43.8″e / 52.086611; 4.295500
    authorized by
    • un charter
    • www.icj-cij.org
    president
    currentlyabdulqawi yusuf
    since6 february 2018
    lead position ends5 february 2021
    vice president
    currentlyxue hanqin
    since6 february 2018
    lead position ends5 february 2021

    the international court of justice (icj),[1] sometimes called the world court, is the principal judicial organ of the united nations (un). the icj settles disputes between states and gives advisory opinions on international legal issues referred to it by the un. through its opinions and rulings, it serves as a source of international law.

    the icj is the successor of the permanent court of international justice (pcij), which was established by the league of nations in 1920. after the second world war, both the league and the pcij were succeeded by the united nations and icj, respectively. the statute of the icj draws heavily from that of its predecessor, and the latter's decisions remain valid. all members of the un are party to the icj statute.

    the icj comprises a panel of 15 judges elected by the general assembly and security council for nine-year terms. the court is seated in the peace palace in the hague, netherlands, making it the only principal u.n. organ not located in new york city.[2] its official working languages are english and french.

  • history
  • activities
  • composition
  • jurisdiction
  • examples of contentious cases
  • relationship with un security council
  • law applied
  • procedure
  • criticisms
  • see also
  • notes
  • further reading
  • external links

International Court of Justice
Cour internationale de justice
International Court of Justice Seal.svg
International Court of Justice Seal
Established1945 (PCIJ dissolved in 1946)
LocationThe Hague, Netherlands
Coordinates52°05′11.8″N 4°17′43.8″E / 52°05′11.8″N 4°17′43.8″E / 52.086611; 4.295500
Authorized by
President
CurrentlyAbdulqawi Yusuf
Since6 February 2018
Lead position ends5 February 2021
Vice President
CurrentlyXue Hanqin
Since6 February 2018
Lead position ends5 February 2021

The International Court of Justice (ICJ),[1] sometimes called the World Court, is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). The ICJ settles disputes between states and gives advisory opinions on international legal issues referred to it by the UN. Through its opinions and rulings, it serves as a source of international law.

The ICJ is the successor of the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), which was established by the League of Nations in 1920. After the Second World War, both the League and the PCIJ were succeeded by the United Nations and ICJ, respectively. The Statute of the ICJ draws heavily from that of its predecessor, and the latter's decisions remain valid. All members of the UN are party to the ICJ Statute.

The ICJ comprises a panel of 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and Security Council for nine-year terms. The court is seated in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands, making it the only principal U.N. organ not located in New York City.[2] Its official working languages are English and French.