Indian Ocean

  • indian ocean
    indian ocean-cia wfb map.png
    extent of the indian ocean according to international hydrographic organization
    locationindian subcontinent, southeast asia, western asia, northeast africa, east africa, southern africa and australia
    coordinates20°s 80°e / 20°s 80°e / -20; 80
    typeocean
    max. length9,600 km (6,000 mi) (antarctica to bay of bengal)[1]
    max. width7,600 km (4,700 mi) (africa to australia)[1]
    surface area70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi)
    average depth3,741 m (12,274 ft)
    max. depth7,258 m (23,812 ft)
    shore length166,526 km (41,337 mi)[2]
    settlementsdurban, mumbai, perth, colombo, padang, maputo, visakhapatnam
    references[3]
    1 shore length is not a well-defined measure.

    the indian ocean is the third-largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi) or 19.8% of the water on the earth's surface.[4] it is bounded by asia to the north, africa to the west, and australia to the east. to the south it is bounded by the southern ocean or antarctica, depending on the definition in use.[5] along its core, the indian ocean has some large marginal or regional seas such as the arabian sea, the laccadive sea, the somali sea, bay of bengal, and the andaman sea.

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Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean-CIA WFB Map.png
Extent of the Indian Ocean according to International Hydrographic Organization
LocationIndian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Western Asia, Northeast Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa and Australia
Coordinates20°S 80°E / 20°S 80°E / -20; 80
TypeOcean
Max. length9,600 km (6,000 mi) (Antarctica to Bay of Bengal)[1]
Max. width7,600 km (4,700 mi) (Africa to Australia)[1]
Surface area70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi)
Average depth3,741 m (12,274 ft)
Max. depth7,258 m (23,812 ft)
Shore length166,526 km (41,337 mi)[2]
SettlementsDurban, Mumbai, Perth, Colombo, Padang, Maputo, Visakhapatnam
References[3]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi) or 19.8% of the water on the Earth's surface.[4] It is bounded by Asia to the north, Africa to the west, and Australia to the east. To the south it is bounded by the Southern Ocean or Antarctica, depending on the definition in use.[5] Along its core, the Indian Ocean has some large marginal or regional seas such as the Arabian Sea, the Laccadive Sea, the Somali Sea, Bay of Bengal, and the Andaman Sea.