Help:IPA/Astur-Leonese

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Leonese, Asturian, Extremaduran and Mirandese pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ast}}, {{IPA-le}}, {{IPA-mwl}}, {{IPA-ext}}, and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPAConsonants
Asturias A

Province of León
L

Extremadura
E
Miranda do Douro
 M 
ExamplesEnglish approximation
bbbota, vida / bidabest
ɸːabdicarJapanese Fumiko (A), best (M)
βββla vida / la bida, cabrabetween baby and bevy
ɸːlas vidas / las bidasbetween baby and bevy (A, M), Japanese Fumiko (E)
dde, ondadate
ðððsedo, padreother
θːdesdeother (A, M), thing (E)
fɸffueuface (A, M), Japanese Fumiko (E)
hfierro / hierro / fiêrroface (A, M), hope (E)
ʰnafta
[example needed]face
ɡɡgata, anguilagot
xŋdigno, acScottish loch (A), sing (E), got (M)
ɣɣɣagora, águilabetween ago and ahold
xː(d)esgracia / desgraçabetween ago and ahold (A, M), Scottish loch (E)
ʝhʎmuyer / mujer / mulhierbeyond (A), hope (E), million (M)
ʝjoye / oyibeyond
ɟʝʒcónyuxe / cónyuji / cónjugeendure (A), injure (E), rouge (M)
kcun, que, cual / qualscan
lsalir, altolip
l[1]bottle
ʎʎllingua / lhénguamillion
ʎ[example needed][2]
mmes, amarmother
nnaide, sananeed
ŋpinga, en, álbum / álbun[3]sing
ɲañus / anhoscanyon
pperospouse
rrato, carrorolled r
ɾɾɾtrato, caro, (E) altoUS ladder
rmarUS ladder (A, M), rolled r (E)
sssol, pasu / passosack
ʰestar / estal / starbust (A, M), hope (E)
ðcasa / cadasack (A), other (M), zebra (E)
zʱesmeráu / smeradoquiz (A, M), hope (E)
ttolos, ocho / oitostand
chano, ocho / oitochop
vʱvafganoof (A, M), hope (E)
θːdadmira, ritmothing (A), date (M)
θcielosthing (A, E), sack (M)
hpaz / paçthing (A), hope (E), bus (M)
ðdecir / idel / dezirthing (A), other (E), zebra (M)
ðʱpaz / paç de la tierrasmooth (A), hope (E), quiz (M)
ʃsʃxorda / sordashop (A, M), sack (E)
hcaxa / cajashop (A, M), hope (E)
ʒaxunto / ajunto, orixe / ourigeshop (A), hope (E), rouge (M)
ʒɦ[example needed]rouge (A, M), ahold (E)
IPADialectal consonants[clarification needed]
hierroham
ɖḷḷingua, patsuezu
(in some local orthographies)[4]
guard
ɖʐjob
ʈʂchop
tsotso (ocho / oito)pizza
IPAVowels
Asturias A

Province of León
L

Extremadura
E
Miranda do Douro
 M 
ExamplesEnglish approximation
aacacho, páfather
ɐcachicotub
eesenu / seno, pie / piêpay
ɛbezu / beç, sébet
ɨcebadaroses
ichícharosee
oopuerta / puôrtacold
ɔhome, abóthought
ʊcostiella / costiêlhainfluence
uprumafood
IPAFinal reduced vowels[5]
aɐ[example needed]tub
ɪɨ[example needed]roses
ʊ[example needed]influence
IPADialectal vowels
ɛ[example needed]bet
ɔ[example needed]dog
 
IPASemivowels[6]
Asturias A

Province of León
L

Extremadura
E
Miranda do Douro
M
ExamplesEnglish approximation
jfierro / fiêrroyou / boy
wpuerta / puôrtawine / cow
 
IPASuprasegmentals
Asturias A

Province of León
L

Extremadura
E
Miranda do Douro
M
ExamplesExplanation
ˈ[example needed]primary stress, as in explanation
ˌ[example needed]secondary stress, as in explanation
.[example needed]syllable break, as in reuse
ːːː[example needed]consonant gemination
esti [ˈeʰtːɪ]
IPADiacritics
◌̃antes, cun[7]nasal vowel[7]

Notes

  1. ^ In Mirandese, the article l (the) is pronounced [l̩] (phonemically /ɨl/).
  2. ^ Found in some southern areas in which Extremaduran is spoken.[1]
  3. ^ In Extremaduran, /n/ is the only final consonant that is always pronounced.
  4. ^ Varies from a voiced retroflex affricate to a voiceless retroflex affricate and, in southwestern Asturian dialects, a voiced retroflex plosive.
  5. ^ Many dialects allow only /a/, /i/ and /u/ in final unstressed syllables.
  6. ^ The semivowels [j] and [w] can be combined with most vowels to form diphthongs and triphthongs.
  7. ^ a b Mirandese has the following nasal vowels: /ɐ̃/, /ɛ̃/, /ĩ/, /ɨ̃/, /õ/ and /ũ/.