Galician language

  • galician
    galego
    pronunciation[ɡaˈleɣʊ]
    regiongalicia and adjacent areas in asturias and castile and león
    ethnicitygalician
    native speakers
    2.4 million (2012)[1]
    58% of the population of galicia (c. 1.56 million) are l1 speakers (2007)[2]
    language family
    indo-european
    • italic
      • romance
        • western romance
          • ibero-romance
            • west-iberian
              • galician-portuguese
                • galician
    early form
    galician-portuguese
    writing system
    latin (galician alphabet)
    galician braille
    official status
    official language in
     galicia (spain)
    regulated byroyal galician academy
    language codes
    gl
    glg
    iso 639-3glg
    gali1258[3]
    linguasphere51-aaa-ab
    idioma gallego bloques y áreas lingüísticas.png
    distribution of the various dialects of galician in spain and the extreme north of portugal
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.

    galician (ən/,[4] n/[5]; galego) is an indo-european language of the western ibero-romance branch. it is spoken by some 2.4 million people, mainly in galicia, an autonomous community located in northwestern spain, where it is official along with spanish. the language is also spoken in some border zones of the neighboring spanish regions of asturias and castile and león, as well as by galician migrant communities in the rest of spain, in latin america including puerto rico, the united states, switzerland and elsewhere in europe.

    modern galician is part of the west iberian languages group, a family of romance languages that includes the portuguese language, which developed locally from vulgar latin and evolved into what modern scholars have called galician-portuguese. dialectal divergences are observable between the northern and southern forms of galician-portuguese in 13th-century texts but the two dialects were similar enough to maintain a high level of cultural unity until the middle of the 14th century, producing the medieval galician-portuguese lyric. the divergence has continued to this day, producing the modern languages of galician and portuguese.[6]

    the lexicon of galician is predominantly of latin extraction, although it also contains a moderate number of words of germanic and celtic origin, among other substrates and adstrates, having also received, mainly via spanish, a number of nouns from andalusian arabic.

    the language is officially regulated in galicia by the royal galician academy. other organizations without institutional support, such as the galician association of language and the galician academy of the portuguese language, include galician as part of the portuguese language.

  • classification and relation with portuguese
  • geographic distribution and legal status
  • history
  • dialects
  • phonology
  • grammar
  • orthography
  • see also
  • references
  • notes
  • further reading
  • external links

Galician
galego
Pronunciation[ɡaˈleɣʊ]
RegionGalicia and adjacent areas in Asturias and Castile and León
EthnicityGalician
Native speakers
2.4 million (2012)[1]
58% of the population of Galicia (c. 1.56 million) are L1 speakers (2007)[2]
Early form
Latin (Galician alphabet)
Galician Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Galicia (Spain)
Regulated byRoyal Galician Academy
Language codes
gl
glg
ISO 639-3glg
gali1258[3]
Linguasphere51-AAA-ab
Idioma gallego bloques y áreas lingüísticas.png
Distribution of the various dialects of Galician in Spain and the extreme north of Portugal
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Galician (ən/,[4] n/[5]; galego) is an Indo-European language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch. It is spoken by some 2.4 million people, mainly in Galicia, an autonomous community located in northwestern Spain, where it is official along with Spanish. The language is also spoken in some border zones of the neighboring Spanish regions of Asturias and Castile and León, as well as by Galician migrant communities in the rest of Spain, in Latin America including Puerto Rico, the United States, Switzerland and elsewhere in Europe.

Modern Galician is part of the West Iberian languages group, a family of Romance languages that includes the Portuguese language, which developed locally from Vulgar Latin and evolved into what modern scholars have called Galician-Portuguese. Dialectal divergences are observable between the northern and southern forms of Galician-Portuguese in 13th-century texts but the two dialects were similar enough to maintain a high level of cultural unity until the middle of the 14th century, producing the medieval Galician-Portuguese lyric. The divergence has continued to this day, producing the modern languages of Galician and Portuguese.[6]

The lexicon of Galician is predominantly of Latin extraction, although it also contains a moderate number of words of Germanic and Celtic origin, among other substrates and adstrates, having also received, mainly via Spanish, a number of nouns from Andalusian Arabic.

The language is officially regulated in Galicia by the Royal Galician Academy. Other organizations without institutional support, such as the Galician Association of Language and the Galician Academy of the Portuguese Language, include Galician as part of the Portuguese language.