Free Democratic Party (Germany)

  • free democratic party

    freie demokratische partei
    abbreviationfdp
    chairmanchristian lindner
    general secretarylinda teuteberg
    vice chairmanwolfgang kubicki
    nicola beer
    katja suding
    federal managermichael zimmermann
    federal treasurerhermann otto solms
    founded12 december 1948; 71 years ago (1948-12-12)
    merger ofdemocratic party of germany
    democratic people's party
    liberal democratic party of germany (west berlin)
    other regional parties
    headquartershans-dietrich-genscher-haus
    reinhardtstraße 14
    10117 berlin, germany
    youth wingyoung liberals
    foundationfriedrich naumann foundation
    membership (december 2019)increase 65,500[1]
    ideologyliberalism[2][3][4]
    classical liberalism[5][6][7]
    economic liberalism
    conservative liberalism[8]
    european federalism[9]
    political positioncentre[10][11] to centre-right[12]
    european affiliationalliance of liberals and democrats for europe
    international affiliationliberal international
    european parliament grouprenew europe
    colors     cyan[13]
         yellow
    bundestag
    80 / 709
    bundesrat
    4 / 69
    state parliaments
    112 / 1,868
    european parliament
    5 / 96
    www.fdp.de
    • politics of germany
    • political parties
    • elections

    the free democratic party (german: freie demokratische partei, fdp) is a liberal[2][3][4] and classical liberal[5][6][7] political party in germany. the fdp is led by christian lindner.

    the fdp was founded in 1948 by members of former liberal political parties which existed in germany before world war ii, namely the german democratic party and the german people's party. for most of the german federal republic's history, it has held the balance of power in the bundestag. it was a junior coalition partner to the cdu/csu (1949–1956, 1961–1966, 1982–1998 and 2009–2013) and the social democratic party of germany (1969–1982). in the 2013 federal election, the fdp failed to win any directly elected seats in the bundestag and came up short of the 5 percent threshold to qualify for list representation, being left without representation in the bundestag for the first time in its history.[14] in the 2017 federal election, the fdp regained its representation in the bundestag, receiving 10.6% of the vote.

    the fdp strongly supports human rights, civil liberties and internationalism. the party is traditionally considered centre-right.[12] since the 1980s, the party has firmly pushed economic liberalism and has aligned itself closely to the promotion of free markets and privatization. it is a member of liberal international and the alliance of liberals and democrats for europe (alde).

  • history
  • ideology and policies
  • support base
  • election results
  • leadership
  • see also
  • notes
  • citations
  • references
  • external links

Free Democratic Party

Freie Demokratische Partei
AbbreviationFDP
ChairmanChristian Lindner
General SecretaryLinda Teuteberg
Vice chairmanWolfgang Kubicki
Nicola Beer
Katja Suding
Federal managerMichael Zimmermann
Federal treasurerHermann Otto Solms
Founded12 December 1948; 71 years ago (1948-12-12)
Merger ofDemocratic Party of Germany
Democratic People's Party
Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (West Berlin)
other regional parties
HeadquartersHans-Dietrich-Genscher-Haus
Reinhardtstraße 14
10117 Berlin, Germany
Youth wingYoung Liberals
FoundationFriedrich Naumann Foundation
Membership (December 2019)Increase 65,500[1]
IdeologyLiberalism[2][3][4]
Classical liberalism[5][6][7]
Economic liberalism
Conservative liberalism[8]
European federalism[9]
Political positionCentre[10][11] to centre-right[12]
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament groupRenew Europe
Colors     Cyan[13]
     Yellow
Bundestag
80 / 709
Bundesrat
4 / 69
State Parliaments
112 / 1,868
European Parliament
5 / 96
www.fdp.de

The Free Democratic Party (German: Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal[2][3][4] and classical liberal[5][6][7] political party in Germany. The FDP is led by Christian Lindner.

The FDP was founded in 1948 by members of former liberal political parties which existed in Germany before World War II, namely the German Democratic Party and the German People's Party. For most of the German Federal Republic's history, it has held the balance of power in the Bundestag. It was a junior coalition partner to the CDU/CSU (1949–1956, 1961–1966, 1982–1998 and 2009–2013) and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (1969–1982). In the 2013 federal election, the FDP failed to win any directly elected seats in the Bundestag and came up short of the 5 percent threshold to qualify for list representation, being left without representation in the Bundestag for the first time in its history.[14] In the 2017 federal election, the FDP regained its representation in the Bundestag, receiving 10.6% of the vote.

The FDP strongly supports human rights, civil liberties and internationalism. The party is traditionally considered centre-right.[12] Since the 1980s, the party has firmly pushed economic liberalism and has aligned itself closely to the promotion of free markets and privatization. It is a member of Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE).