Francisco Urcuyo

Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños
Acting President of Nicaragua
In office
17 July 1979 – 18 July 1979
Vice PresidentVacant
Preceded byAnastasio Somoza Debayle
Succeeded byJunta of National Reconstruction
Vice President of Nicaragua
In office
1 May 1967 – 1 May 1972
Serving with Alfonso Callejas Deshón
PresidentAnastasio Somoza Debayle
Preceded bySilvio Argüello Cardenal andGustavo Raskosky
Succeeded byVacant (1967-1985)
Sergio Ramírez Mercado (1985)
Personal details
BornFrancisco Urcuyo Maliaños 30 July 1915
Rivas, Nicaragua
Died14 September 2001
Managua, Nicaragua
Political partyPLN
Spouse(s)Maria Luisa Muñoz
ChildrenFrancisco, Bayardo, Roberto and Mario
Alma materNational Autonomous University of Mexico

Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños (30 July 1915 – 14 September 2001) was a Nicaraguan politician, who served as Vice President of Anastasio Somoza Debayle from May 1967 to May 1972. He was born in Rivas.

Urcuyo was the president of the lower chamber of National Congress of Nicaragua 1972-1973 and 1978-1979.[1][2][3] In 1979 he was handpicked by Somoza as successor to the presidency. Urcuyo became acting president of Nicaragua for a single day from 17 July to 18 July 1979[4], following the resignation of Somoza on 17 July. Upon taking office, he announced his intention to serve out the remainder of Somoza's term. This announcement provoked a strong reaction from the Sandinistas, other Latin American states, and the Carter Administration in the U.S.

Recognizing the untenability of his situation, Urcuyo fled to Guatemala[4] on 18 July, effectively handing the country over to the Sandinista junta.


Life and political career

Urcuyo was born in Rivas in 1915. He studied abroad in Mexico and graduated from the National Autonomous University of Mexico as a surgeon in 1944. Urcuyo's politcial career began in 1954 and subsequently he served twice as vice minister of Health and vice president of Congress. On 1st May 1967 Urcuyo was sworn in as Vice President of Nicaragua, serving with Vice President Alfonso Callejas Deshón in the second term of President Anastasio Somoza Debayle. After Somoza's resignation, Urcuyo was handpicked as Somoza's successor to the presidency and served for 43 hours before fleeing from Managua to Guatemala, essentially leaving the capital to the Junta of National Reconstruction . He married María Luisa Muñoz and had four children. Constitutional President (July 1979) [4] When the dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle fled the country on Tuesday, July 17, 1979, Urcuyo Maliaños was invested as a new constitutional president, with a mandate until May 1, 1981, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of 1974. During his brief presidency, declared the legality of his mandate, and quickly began to engage in dialogue with the various political forces in the country. But he refused to hand over power to the National Reconstruction Government Board on the grounds that he was not prepared. Also, he began to replace the most important Army positions with young related officers. That same day, the Andean Pact foreign ministers meeting in San José de Costa Rica publicly rejected the Urcuyo maneuver: "We urge Urcuyo to abide by the obligation to transfer power, the only reason he occupies it. For his permanence in it will only contribute to the current contest acquiring new and more violent military dimensions. " On the morning of July 18, the three members of the Board, Sergio Ramírez, Alfonso Robelo, and Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, left San José, Costa Rica, towards León, where they met with Daniel Ortega Saavedra and Moisés Hassan Morales. León was proclaimed as the new provisional capital, and the international community recognized them as the legitimate government of the Republic. Shortly after, Urcuyo fled on board an plane to Guatemala.

Published books

During his exile, he published four books, in which he detailed his experiences of the fall of the Somocist regime and his experiences in exile during the 1980s: Alone - in which he related the last hours of the mandate of the Nationalist Liberal Party (PLN) of Somoza. -Betrayed allies. -Carter and the Communists. -Poetry and Memories - which he dedicated to his family. Among his works is the song to the mother that begins "Being stuck to my being as a conscience, love attached to my love as a sacrament"