First French Empire

  • french empire

    empire français
    imperium francicum
    1804–1814, 1815
    flag of france
    flag
    imperial coat of arms of france
    imperial coat of arms
    anthem: "chant du départ" (de facto)

    (english: "song of the departure")
    the first french empire at its greatest extent in 1812: *   directly administered *   client states
    the first french empire at its greatest extent in 1812:
    •   directly administered
    •   client states
    capitalparis
    common languagesfrench (official)
    latin (formal)
    religion
    roman catholicism
    calvinism
    lutheranism
    judaism
    governmentconstitutionally absolute monarchy
    emperor 
    • 1804–1814/1815
    napoleon i
    • 1815
    napoleon iinote 2
    legislatureparliament
    • upper house
    sénat conservateur
    • lower house
    corps législatif
    historical erafrench revolutionary wars
    napoleonic wars
    • constitution adopted
    18 may 1804
    • coronation of napoleon i
    2 december 1804
    • treaties of tilsit
    7 july 1807
    • invasion of russia
    24 june 1812
    • treaty of fontainebleau
    11 april 1814
    • hundred days
    20 march – 7 july 1815
    area
    1812[1]2,100,000 km2 (810,000 sq mi)
    population
    • 1812
    44,000,000
    currencyfrench franc
    iso 3166 codefr
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    french first republic
    kingdom of holland
    ligurian republic
    andorra
    kingdom of france
    s. principality of the united netherlands
    united kingdom of the netherlands
    moresnet
    luxembourg
    grand duchy of tuscany
    andorra
    part of a series on the
    france
    national emblem national emblem national emblem
    timeline
    flag of france.svg france portal

    the first french empire,[2] officially the french empire (french: empire français; latin: imperium francicum),note 1 was the empire of napoleon bonaparte of france and the dominant power in much of continental europe at the beginning of the 19th century. although france had already established an overseas colonial empire beginning in the 17th century, the french state had remained a kingdom under the bourbons and a republic after the french revolution. historians refer to napoleon's regime as the first empire to distinguish it from the restorationist second empire (1852–1870) ruled by his nephew napoleon iii.

    on 18 may 1804, napoleon was granted the title emperor of the french (l'empereur des français, pronounced [lɑ̃.pʁœʁ de fʁɑ̃.sɛ]) by the french sénat (senate) and was crowned on 2 december 1804,[3] signifying the end of the french consulate and of the french first republic. the french empire achieved military supremacy in mainland europe through notable victories in the war of the third coalition against austria, prussia, russia, and allied nations, notably at the battle of austerlitz in 1805.[4] french dominance was reaffirmed during the war of the fourth coalition, at the battle of jena–auerstedt in 1806 and the battle of friedland in 1807,[5] before napoleon's final defeat at the battle of waterloo in 1815.

    a series of wars, known collectively as the napoleonic wars, extended french influence to much of western europe and into poland. at its height in 1812, the french empire had 130 departments, ruled over 70 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in germany, italy, spain, and the duchy of warsaw, and counted austria and prussia as nominal allies.[6] early french victories exported many ideological features of the revolution throughout europe: the introduction of the napoleonic code throughout the continent increased legal equality, established jury systems and legalised divorce, and seigneurial dues and seigneurial justice were abolished, as were aristocratic privileges in all places except poland.[7] france's defeat in 1814 (and then again in 1815), marked the end of the empire.

  • origin
  • early victories
  • height of the empire
  • intrigues and unrest
  • fall
  • nature of napoleon bonaparte's rule
  • maps
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

French Empire

Empire Français
Imperium Francicum
1804–1814, 1815
Anthem: "Chant du départ" (de facto)

(English: "Song of the Departure")
The First French Empire at its greatest extent in 1812: *   Directly administered *   Client states
The First French Empire at its greatest extent in 1812:
CapitalParis
Common languagesFrench (official)
Latin (formal)
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Calvinism
Lutheranism
Judaism
GovernmentConstitutionally absolute monarchy
Emperor 
• 1804–1814/1815
Napoleon I
• 1815
Napoleon IINote 2
LegislatureParliament
Sénat conservateur
Corps législatif
Historical eraFrench Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Wars
18 May 1804
• Coronation of Napoleon I
2 December 1804
7 July 1807
24 June 1812
11 April 1814
20 March – 7 July 1815
Area
1812[1]2,100,000 km2 (810,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1812
44,000,000
CurrencyFrench franc
ISO 3166 codeFR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
French First Republic
Kingdom of Holland
Ligurian Republic
Andorra
Kingdom of France
S. Principality of the United Netherlands
United Kingdom of the Netherlands
Moresnet
Luxembourg
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Andorra
Part of a series on the
France
National Emblem National Emblem National Emblem
Timeline
Flag of France.svg France portal

The First French Empire,[2] officially the French Empire (French: Empire Français; Latin: Imperium Francicum),Note 1 was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century. Although France had already established an overseas colonial empire beginning in the 17th century, the French state had remained a kingdom under the Bourbons and a republic after the French Revolution. Historians refer to Napoleon's regime as the First Empire to distinguish it from the restorationist Second Empire (1852–1870) ruled by his nephew Napoleon III.

On 18 May 1804, Napoleon was granted the title Emperor of the French (L'Empereur des Français, pronounced [lɑ̃.pʁœʁ de fʁɑ̃.sɛ]) by the French Sénat (Senate) and was crowned on 2 December 1804,[3] signifying the end of the French Consulate and of the French First Republic. The French Empire achieved military supremacy in mainland Europe through notable victories in the War of the Third Coalition against Austria, Prussia, Russia, and allied nations, notably at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805.[4] French dominance was reaffirmed during the War of the Fourth Coalition, at the Battle of Jena–Auerstedt in 1806 and the Battle of Friedland in 1807,[5] before Napoleon's final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

A series of wars, known collectively as the Napoleonic Wars, extended French influence to much of Western Europe and into Poland. At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments, ruled over 70 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and counted Austria and Prussia as nominal allies.[6] Early French victories exported many ideological features of the Revolution throughout Europe: the introduction of the Napoleonic Code throughout the continent increased legal equality, established jury systems and legalised divorce, and seigneurial dues and seigneurial justice were abolished, as were aristocratic privileges in all places except Poland.[7] France's defeat in 1814 (and then again in 1815), marked the end of the Empire.