Fencing

Fencing
Final Trophee Monal 2012 n08.jpg
Final of the Challenge Réseau Ferré de France–Trophée Monal 2012, épée world cup tournament in Paris.
Highest governing bodyFIE
First playedBetween the 17th and 19th centuries Europe
Characteristics
ContactSemi-contact
Team membersSingles or Team Relay
Mixed genderYes, separate
Typeindoor
EquipmentÉpée, Foil, Sabre, Body cord, Lamé, Grip
VenuePiste
GlossaryGlossary of fencing
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
OlympicPart of Summer Olympic programme since 1896
Paralympicpart of Summer Paralympic programme since 1960
Fencing
Fencing pictogram.svg
Also known asÉpée Fencing, Foil Fencing, Sabre Fencing
FocusWeaponry
HardnessSemi-Contact
Olympic sportPresent since inaugural www.fie.org

Fencing is a group of three related combat sports. The three disciplines in modern fencing are the foil, the épée, and the sabre (also saber); winning points are made through the weapon's contact with an opponent. A fourth discipline, singlestick, appeared in the 1904 Olympics but was dropped after that, and is not a part of modern fencing. Fencing was one of the first sports to be played in the Olympics. Based on the traditional skills of swordsmanship, the modern sport arose at the end of the 19th century, with the Italian school having modified the historical European martial art of classical fencing, and the French school later refining the Italian system. There are three forms of modern fencing, each of which uses a different kind of weapon and has different rules; thus the sport itself is divided into three competitive scenes: foil, épée, and sabre. Most competitive fencers choose to specialize in one weapon only.

Competitive fencing is one of the five activities which have been featured in every modern Olympic Games, the other four being athletics, cycling, swimming, and gymnastics.

Competitive fencing

Governing body

Fencing is governed by Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (FIE). Today, its head office is in Lausanne, Switzerland. The FIE is composed of 145 national federations, each of which is recognised by its state Olympic Committee as the sole representative of Olympic-style fencing in that country.[1]

Rules

The FIE maintains the current rules[2] used by FIE sanctioned international events, including world cups, world championships and the Olympic Games. The FIE handles proposals to change the rules the first year after an Olympic year in the annual congress. The US Fencing Association has slightly different rules, but usually adheres to FIE standards.