map of the inuit circumpolar council
of eskimo peoples, showing the yupik
, siberian yupik
) and inuit
, greenlandic inuit
|regions with significant populations|
- chukotka autonomous okrug
- sakha (yakutia)
- newfoundland and labrador
- northwest territories
- yukon (formerly)
|russian, english, french, danish, greenlandic and other eskimo–aleut languages.|
|christianity (russian orthodox church, orthodox church in america, roman catholicism, anglican church of canada, church of denmark), |
|related ethnic groups|
| eskimo hunters in alaska - the traditional inuit way of life 1949 documentary on native americans|
eskimo (/ ess-kih-moh) or eskimos are the indigenous circumpolar peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern siberia (russia) to alaska (of the united states), canada, and greenland. the two main peoples known as "eskimo" are the inuit—including the alaskan iñupiat peoples, the greenlandic inuit, and the mass-grouping inuit peoples of canada—and the yupik of eastern siberia and alaska. a third northern group, the aleut, is closely related to both. they share a relatively recent common ancestor and a language group (eskimo-aleut). the chukchi people, from siberia, are also the closest living relatives of inuit, and yupik people.
the non-inuit sub-branch of the eskimo branch of the eskimo-aleut language family consists of four distinct yupik languages, two used in the russian far east and st. lawrence island, and two used in western alaska, southwestern alaska, and the western part of southcentral alaska. the extinct language of the sirenik people is sometimes argued to be related to these.
the lingual origin of "eskimo" comes from the montagnais word for "snowshoe-netter" according to scholars at the smithsonian institution. the governments in canada and greenland have ceased using it in official documents.