Dum Diversas

  • pope nicholas v

    dum diversas (english: until different) is a papal bull issued on 18 june 1452 by pope nicholas v. it authorized afonso v of portugal to conquer saracens and pagans and consign them to "perpetual servitude".[1][2] pope calixtus iii reiterated the bull in 1456 with inter caetera (not to be confused with alexander vi's), renewed by pope sixtus iv in 1481 and pope leo x in 1514 with precelse denotionis[clarification needed]. the concept of the consignment of exclusive spheres of influence to certain nation states was extended to the americas in 1493 by pope alexander vi with inter caetera.[3][4][5][6]

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  • inter caetera 1456
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Dum Diversas (English: Until different) is a papal bull issued on 18 June 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. It authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer Saracens and pagans and consign them to "perpetual servitude".[1][2] Pope Calixtus III reiterated the bull in 1456 with Inter Caetera (not to be confused with Alexander VI's), renewed by Pope Sixtus IV in 1481 and Pope Leo X in 1514 with Precelse denotionis[clarification needed]. The concept of the consignment of exclusive spheres of influence to certain nation states was extended to the Americas in 1493 by Pope Alexander VI with Inter caetera.[3][4][5][6]