Dāna is any form of giving.
Dāna (Devanagari: दान) is a Sanskrit and Pali word that connotes the virtue of generosity, charity or giving of alms in Indian philosophies. It is alternatively transliterated as daana.
In Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, dāna is the practice of cultivating generosity. It can take the form of giving to an individual in distress or need. It can also take the form of philanthropic public projects that empower and help many.
According to historical records, dāna is an ancient practice in Indian traditions, tracing back to Vedic traditions.
The ancient Tamil moral text of Tirukkural speaks about dāna in two separate chapters, namely, Chapter 22 and Chapter 23.