Crown of Castile

  • crown of castile

    latin: corona castellae
    castilian: corona de castilla
    1230–1715
    flag of castile
    royal standard
    coat of arms of castile
    coat of arms
    the crown of castile in the early 16th century
    the crown of castile in the early 16th century
    capitalmadrid (1561–1601; since 1606)
    valladolid (1601–1606)[a]
    common languagesofficial languages:
    old spanish (castilian), latin
    unofficial languages:
    basque, galician, astur-leonese, mozarabic, andalusian arabic, judaeo-spanish, guanche[1]
    religion
    official religion:
    roman catholic
    minority religions:
    sunni islam,
    sephardic judaism
    governmentmonarchy subject to fueros
    monarch 
    • 1230–1252
    ferdinand iii (first)
    • 1474–1504
    1475–1504
    isabella i and ferdinand v
    legislaturecortes of castile
    historical eramiddle ages
    • union of castile & león
    23 september 1230
    • union of ferdinand ii and isabella i
    19 october 1469
    • conquest of granada
    2 january 1492
    • annexation of navarre
    1512
    (11 june 1515 officially)
    • ascension of charles i
    23 january 1516
    • nueva planta decrees
    1715
    area
    1300[2]335,000 km2 (129,000 sq mi)
    population
    • 1300[2]
    3 000 000
    currencyspanish real,
    spanish maravedí
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    kingdom of castile
    kingdom of león
    kingdom of navarre
    habsburg spain
    today part ofspain
    gibraltar
    a. ^ itinerant court until philip ii fixed it to madrid.

    the crown of castile[nb 1] was a medieval polity in the iberian peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and, some decades later, the parliaments of the kingdoms of castile and león upon the accession of the then castilian king, ferdinand iii, to the vacant leonese throne. it continued to exist as a separate entity after the personal union in 1469 of the crowns of castile and aragon with the marriage of the catholic monarchs up to the promulgation of the nueva planta decrees by philip v in 1715.

    the indies, islands and mainland of the ocean sea were also a part of the crown of castile when transformed from lordships to kingdoms of the heirs of castile in 1506, with the treaty of villafáfila, and upon the death of ferdinand the catholic.

    the title of "king of castile" remained in use by the habsburg rulers during the 16th and 17th centuries. charles i was king of aragon, majorca, valencia, and sicily, and count of barcelona, roussillon and cerdagne, as well as king of castile and león, 1516–1556.

    in the early 18th century, philip of bourbon won the war of the spanish succession and imposed unification policies over the crown of aragon, supporters of their enemies. this unified the crown of aragon and the crown of castile into the kingdom of spain. even though the nueva planta decrees did not formally abolish the crown of castile, the country of (castile and aragon) was called "spain" by both contemporaries and historians.

    "king of castile" also remains part of the full title of felipe vi of spain, the current king of spain according to the spanish constitution of 1978, in the sense of titles, not of states.

  • history
  • spanish territorial divisions within the crown of castile
  • see also
  • notes
  • references

Crown of Castile

Latin: Corona Castellae
Castilian: Corona de Castilla
1230–1715
The Crown of Castile in the early 16th century
The Crown of Castile in the early 16th century
CapitalMadrid (1561–1601; since 1606)
Valladolid (1601–1606)[a]
Common languagesOfficial languages:
Old Spanish (Castilian), Latin
Unofficial languages:
Basque, Galician, Astur-Leonese, Mozarabic, Andalusian Arabic, Judaeo-Spanish, Guanche[1]
Religion
Official religion:
Roman Catholic
Minority religions:
Sunni Islam,
Sephardic Judaism
GovernmentMonarchy subject to fueros
Monarch 
• 1230–1252
Ferdinand III (first)
• 1474–1504
1475–1504
Isabella I and Ferdinand V
LegislatureCortes of Castile
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Union of Castile & León
23 September 1230
19 October 1469
2 January 1492
1512
(11 June 1515 officially)
• Ascension of Charles I
23 January 1516
1715
Area
1300[2]335,000 km2 (129,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1300[2]
3 000 000
CurrencySpanish real,
Spanish maravedí
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of León
Kingdom of Navarre
Habsburg Spain
Today part ofSpain
Gibraltar
a. ^ Itinerant court until Philip II fixed it to Madrid.

The Crown of Castile[nb 1] was a medieval polity in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and, some decades later, the parliaments of the kingdoms of Castile and León upon the accession of the then Castilian king, Ferdinand III, to the vacant Leonese throne. It continued to exist as a separate entity after the personal union in 1469 of the crowns of Castile and Aragon with the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs up to the promulgation of the Nueva Planta decrees by Philip V in 1715.

The Indies, Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea were also a part of the Crown of Castile when transformed from lordships to kingdoms of the heirs of Castile in 1506, with the Treaty of Villafáfila, and upon the death of Ferdinand the Catholic.

The title of "King of Castile" remained in use by the Habsburg rulers during the 16th and 17th centuries. Charles I was King of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia, and Sicily, and Count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdagne, as well as King of Castile and León, 1516–1556.

In the early 18th century, Philip of Bourbon won the War of the Spanish Succession and imposed unification policies over the Crown of Aragon, supporters of their enemies. This unified the Crown of Aragon and the Crown of Castile into the kingdom of Spain. Even though the Nueva Planta decrees did not formally abolish the Crown of Castile, the country of (Castile and Aragon) was called "Spain" by both contemporaries and historians.

"King of Castile" also remains part of the full title of Felipe VI of Spain, the current King of Spain according to the Spanish constitution of 1978, in the sense of titles, not of states.