Conservatism

  • conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization. the central tenets of conservatism include tradition, organic society, hierarchy, authority, and property rights.[1] conservatives seek to preserve a range of institutions such as religion, parliamentary government, and property rights, with the aim of emphasizing social stability and continuity.[2] the more traditional elements—reactionaries—oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were".[3][4]

    the first established use of the term in a political context originated in 1818 with françois-rené de chateaubriand[5] during the period of bourbon restoration that sought to roll back the policies of the french revolution. historically associated with right-wing politics, the term has since been used to describe a wide range of views. there is no single set of policies regarded as conservative because the meaning of conservatism depends on what is considered traditional in a given place and time. thus conservatives from different parts of the world—each upholding their respective traditions—may disagree on a wide range of issues. edmund burke, an 18th-century politician who opposed the french revolution, but supported the american revolution, is credited as one of the main theorists of conservatism in great britain in the 1790s.[6]

    according to quintin hogg, the chairman of the british conservative party in 1959: "conservatism is not so much a philosophy as an attitude, a constant force, performing a timeless function in the development of a free society, and corresponding to a deep and permanent requirement of human nature itself".[7]


  • forms
  • history
  • characteristics of conservatism in france, italy, russia, poland, united kingdom, united states, and israel
  • psychology
  • references
  • bibliography
  • further reading
  • external links

Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization. The central tenets of conservatism include tradition, organic society, hierarchy, authority, and property rights.[1] Conservatives seek to preserve a range of institutions such as religion, parliamentary government, and property rights, with the aim of emphasizing social stability and continuity.[2] The more traditional elements—reactionaries—oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were".[3][4]

The first established use of the term in a political context originated in 1818 with François-René de Chateaubriand[5] during the period of Bourbon Restoration that sought to roll back the policies of the French Revolution. Historically associated with right-wing politics, the term has since been used to describe a wide range of views. There is no single set of policies regarded as conservative because the meaning of conservatism depends on what is considered traditional in a given place and time. Thus conservatives from different parts of the world—each upholding their respective traditions—may disagree on a wide range of issues. Edmund Burke, an 18th-century politician who opposed the French Revolution, but supported the American Revolution, is credited as one of the main theorists of conservatism in Great Britain in the 1790s.[6]

According to Quintin Hogg, the chairman of the British Conservative Party in 1959: "Conservatism is not so much a philosophy as an attitude, a constant force, performing a timeless function in the development of a free society, and corresponding to a deep and permanent requirement of human nature itself".[7]