Cape Colony

  • cape of good hope

    kaap de goede hoop (dutch)
    1795–1910
    flag of cape colony
    flag (1876–1910)
    coat of arms of cape colony
    coat of arms
    anthem: god save the king (1795–1837; 1901–1910)
    god save the queen (1837–1901)

    the cape of good hope c. 1890 with griqualand east and griqualand west annexed and stellaland/goshen (light red) claimed
    the cape of good hope c. 1890 with griqualand east and griqualand west annexed and stellaland/goshen (light red) claimed
    statusbritish colony
    capitalcape town
    common languagesenglish, dutch (official¹)
    khoekhoe, xhosa also spoken
    religion
    dutch reformed church, anglican, san religion
    governmentconstitutional monarchy
    king/queen 
    • 1795–1820
    george iii
    • 1820–1830
    george iv
    • 1830–1837
    william iv
    • 1837–1901
    victoria
    • 1901–1910
    edward vii
    governor 
    • 1797–1798
    george macartney
    • 1901–1910
    walter hely-hutchinson
    prime minister 
    • 1872–1878
    john charles molteno
    • 1908–1910
    john x. merriman
    historical eraimperialism
    • established
    1795
    • dutch colony
    1803–1806
    • anglo-dutch treaty
    1814
    • natal incorporated
    1844
    • disestablished
    1910
    area
    1822[1]331,900 km2 (128,100 sq mi)
    1910569,020 km2 (219,700 sq mi)
    population
    • 1822[1]
    110,380
    • 1865 census[2]
    496,381
    • 1910
    2,564,965
    currencypound sterling
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    dutch cape colony
    british bechuanaland
    union of south africa
    basutoland
    today part of namibia2
     south africa
     lesotho3
    ¹ dutch was the sole official language until 1806, when the british officially replaced dutch with english. dutch was reincluded as a second official language in 1882.
    2 penguin islands and walvis bay
    3 basutoland was annexed to the cape colony in 1871, before becoming a crown colony in 1884.[3]

    the cape of good hope, also known as the cape colony (dutch: kaapkolonie), was a british colony in present-day south africa, named after the cape of good hope. the british colony was preceded by an earlier dutch colony of the same name, the kaap de goede hoop, established in 1652 by the dutch east india company. the cape was under dutch rule from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806.[4] the dutch lost the colony to great britain following the 1795 battle of muizenberg, but had it returned following the 1802 peace of amiens. it was re-occupied by the uk following the battle of blaauwberg in 1806, and british possession affirmed with the anglo-dutch treaty of 1814.

    the cape of good hope then remained in the british empire, becoming self-governing in 1872, and uniting with three other colonies to form the union of south africa in 1910. it then was renamed the province of the cape of good hope.[5] south africa became a sovereign state in 1931 by the statute of westminster. in 1961 it became the republic of south africa and obtained its own monetary unit called the rand. following the 1994 creation of the present-day south african provinces, the cape province was partitioned into the eastern cape, northern cape, and western cape, with smaller parts in north west province.

    the cape of good hope was coextensive with the later cape province, stretching from the atlantic coast inland and eastward along the southern coast, constituting about half of modern south africa: the final eastern boundary, after several wars against the xhosa, stood at the fish river. in the north, the orange river, also known as the gariep river, served as the boundary for some time, although some land between the river and the southern boundary of botswana was later added to it. from 1878, the colony also included the enclave of walvis bay and the penguin islands, both in what is now namibia.

  • history
  • governors
  • demographics
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Cape of Good Hope

Kaap de Goede Hoop (Dutch)
1795–1910
Anthem: God Save the King (1795–1837; 1901–1910)
God Save the Queen (1837–1901)

The Cape of Good Hope c. 1890 with Griqualand East and Griqualand West annexed and Stellaland/Goshen (light red) claimed
The Cape of Good Hope c. 1890 with Griqualand East and Griqualand West annexed and Stellaland/Goshen (light red) claimed
StatusBritish colony
CapitalCape Town
Common languagesEnglish, Dutch (official¹)
Khoekhoe, Xhosa also spoken
Religion
Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican, San religion
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
King/Queen 
• 1795–1820
George III
• 1820–1830
George IV
• 1830–1837
William IV
• 1837–1901
Victoria
• 1901–1910
Edward VII
Governor 
• 1797–1798
George Macartney
• 1901–1910
Walter Hely-Hutchinson
Prime Minister 
• 1872–1878
John Charles Molteno
• 1908–1910
John X. Merriman
Historical eraImperialism
• Established
1795
1803–1806
1814
1844
• Disestablished
1910
Area
1822[1]331,900 km2 (128,100 sq mi)
1910569,020 km2 (219,700 sq mi)
Population
• 1822[1]
110,380
• 1865 census[2]
496,381
• 1910
2,564,965
CurrencyPound sterling
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Dutch Cape Colony
British Bechuanaland
Union of South Africa
Basutoland
Today part of Namibia2
 South Africa
 Lesotho3
¹ Dutch was the sole official language until 1806, when the British officially replaced Dutch with English. Dutch was reincluded as a second official language in 1882.
2 Penguin Islands and Walvis Bay
3 Basutoland was annexed to the Cape Colony in 1871, before becoming a Crown colony in 1884.[3]

The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope. The British colony was preceded by an earlier Dutch colony of the same name, the Kaap de Goede Hoop, established in 1652 by the Dutch East India Company. The Cape was under Dutch rule from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806.[4] The Dutch lost the colony to Great Britain following the 1795 Battle of Muizenberg, but had it returned following the 1802 Peace of Amiens. It was re-occupied by the UK following the Battle of Blaauwberg in 1806, and British possession affirmed with the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814.

The Cape of Good Hope then remained in the British Empire, becoming self-governing in 1872, and uniting with three other colonies to form the Union of South Africa in 1910. It then was renamed the Province of the Cape of Good Hope.[5] South Africa became a sovereign state in 1931 by the Statute of Westminster. In 1961 it became the Republic of South Africa and obtained its own monetary unit called the Rand. Following the 1994 creation of the present-day South African provinces, the Cape Province was partitioned into the Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, and Western Cape, with smaller parts in North West province.

The Cape of Good Hope was coextensive with the later Cape Province, stretching from the Atlantic coast inland and eastward along the southern coast, constituting about half of modern South Africa: the final eastern boundary, after several wars against the Xhosa, stood at the Fish River. In the north, the Orange River, also known as the Gariep River, served as the boundary for some time, although some land between the river and the southern boundary of Botswana was later added to it. From 1878, the colony also included the enclave of Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands, both in what is now Namibia.