Bermuda

Bermuda
Motto(s): 
"Quo Fata Ferunt" (Latin)
(English: "Whither the Fates carry (us)")[1]
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"
Unofficial territorial song: "Hail to Bermuda"
Bermuda in United Kingdom.svg
Location of Bermuda (Red) in the Western Hemisphere
Location of Bermuda (Red)

in the Western Hemisphere

Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
English settlement1612
Capital
and largest city
Hamilton
32°18′N 64°47′W / 32°18′N 64°47′W / 32.300; -64.783
Official languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
(2010)
Demonym(s)Bermudian
GovernmentParliamentary dependency under a constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Governor
John Rankin
• Premier
E. David Burt
• UK government minister
Tariq Ahmad
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Assembly
Area
• Total
53.2 km2 (20.5 sq mi)
• Water (%)
27
Highest elevation
259 ft (79 m)
Population
• 2018 estimate
71,176[1]
• Density
1,338/km2 (3,465.4/sq mi) (9th)
GDP (nominal)2017[3] estimate
• Total
$5.853 billion ((estimate))
• Per capita
$94,400 (4th)
HDI (2013)Increase 0.981
very high
CurrencyBermudian dollar (BMD)
Time zoneUTC−04:00 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)
UTC−03:00 (ADT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-441
ISO 3166 codeBM
Internet TLD.bm

Bermuda (ə/) (in full, the Islands of Bermuda) is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is approximately 1,070 km (665 mi) east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina; 1,236 km (768 mi) south of Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia; and 1,759 km (1,093 mi) northeast of Cuba. The capital city is Hamilton. Bermuda is self-governing, with its own constitution and government and a Parliament which makes local laws. The United Kingdom retains responsibility for defence and foreign relations. As of July 2018, it has a population of 71,176, making it the most populous of the British overseas territories.[1]

Bermuda's two largest economic sectors are offshore insurance and reinsurance, and tourism.[4][5] Bermuda had one of the world's highest GDP per capita for most of the 20th century.[6] It has a subtropical climate[7] and lies in the hurricane belt and thus is prone to related severe weather; however, it is somewhat protected by a coral reef that surrounds the island and its position at the north of the belt, which limits the direction and severity of approaching storms.[8]

Etymology

Bermuda is named after the Spanish sailor Juan de Bermúdez, who discovered the islands in 1505.[1]