Basketball

  • basketball
    lebron james layup (cleveland vs brooklyn 2018).jpg
    lebron james (far right) attempts a layup shot against the nets
    highest governing bodyfiba
    first playeddecember 21, 1891; 128 years ago (1891-12-21). springfield, massachusetts, u.s.
    characteristics
    contactno contact
    team members5 per side
    mixed genderyes, separate competitions
    typeindoor/outdoor
    equipmentbasketball
    venueindoor court (mainly) or outdoor court (streetball)
    glossaryglossary of basketball
    presence
    country or regionworldwide
    olympicyes, demonstrated in the 1904 and 1924 summer olympics
    part of the summer olympic program since 1936
    paralympicyes

    basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball (approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet (3.048 m) high to a backboard at each end of the court) while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. a field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. after a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.

    players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. on offense, players may use a variety of shots—the lay-up, the jump shot, or a dunk; on defense, they may steal the ball from a dribbler, intercept passes, or block shots; either offense or defense may collect a rebound, that is, a missed shot that bounces from rim or backboard. it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling.

    the five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions the tallest player is usually the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a slightly shorter but more agile player is the small forward, and the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays (player positioning). informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, and one-on-one.

    invented in 1891 by canadian-american gym teacher james naismith in springfield, massachusetts, united states, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports.[1] the national basketball association (nba) is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition.[2][3] outside north america, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the euroleague and the basketball champions league americas. the fiba basketball world cup and men's olympic basketball tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world. each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like eurobasket and fiba americup.

    the fiba women's basketball world cup and women's olympic basketball tournament feature top national teams from continental championships. the main north american league is the wnba (ncaa women's division i basketball championship is also popular), whereas strongest european clubs participate in the euroleague women.

  • history
  • rules and regulations
  • common techniques and practices
  • height
  • variations and similar games
  • social forms of basketball
  • fantasy basketball
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Basketball
LeBron James Layup (Cleveland vs Brooklyn 2018).jpg
LeBron James (far right) attempts a layup shot against the Nets
Highest governing bodyFIBA
First playedDecember 21, 1891; 128 years ago (1891-12-21). Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
Characteristics
ContactNo Contact
Team members5 per side
Mixed genderYes, separate competitions
TypeIndoor/Outdoor
EquipmentBasketball
VenueIndoor court (mainly) or outdoor court (Streetball)
GlossaryGlossary of basketball
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
OlympicYes, demonstrated in the 1904 and 1924 Summer Olympics
Part of the Summer Olympic program since 1936
ParalympicYes

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball (approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet (3.048 m) high to a backboard at each end of the court) while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.

Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots—the lay-up, the jump shot, or a dunk; on defense, they may steal the ball from a dribbler, intercept passes, or block shots; either offense or defense may collect a rebound, that is, a missed shot that bounces from rim or backboard. It is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling.

The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions the tallest player is usually the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a slightly shorter but more agile player is the small forward, and the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays (player positioning). Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, and one-on-one.

Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports.[1] The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition.[2][3] Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the EuroLeague and the Basketball Champions League Americas. The FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like EuroBasket and FIBA AmeriCup.

The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships. The main North American league is the WNBA (NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship is also popular), whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women.