Austrian Netherlands

  • austrian netherlands

    Österreichische niederlande
    pays-bas autrichiens
    oostenrijkse nederlanden
    belgium austriacum
    1714–1794
    flag of austrian netherlands
    flag
    coat of arms of austrian netherlands
    coat of arms
    the austrian netherlands in 1789 *   austrian netherlands *   habsburg monarchy
    the austrian netherlands in 1789
    •   austrian netherlands
    •   habsburg monarchy
    austrian netherlands map-fr.svg
    statusprovince of austria
    state of the holy roman empire
    capitalbrussels
    common languagesgerman, french, dutch, latin
    religion
    roman catholic
    governmentgovernorate
    governor 
    • 1716–1724
    francis eugene (first)
    • 1793–1794
    charles louis (last)
    plenipotentiary 
    • 1714–1716
    lothar dominik (first)
    • 1793–1794
    franz karl (last)
    historical eraearly modern
    • treaty of rastatt
    7 march 1714
    • treaty of fontainebleau
    8 november 1785
    • brabant revolution
    1789–1790
    • battle of sprimont
    18 september 1794
    • treaty of campo formio
    1797
    currencykronenthaler
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    spanish netherlands
    french first republic
    today part of belgium
     germany
     luxembourg
    part of a series on the
    belgium
    leo belgicus
    timeline
    flag of belgium.svg belgium portal

    the austrian netherlands (dutch: oostenrijkse nederlanden; french: pays-bas autrichiens; german: Österreichische niederlande; latin: belgium austriacum) was the larger part of the southern netherlands between 1714 and 1797. the period began with the austrian acquisition of the former spanish netherlands under the treaty of rastatt in 1714 and lasted until revolutionary france annexed the territory during the aftermath of the battle of sprimont in 1794 and the peace of basel in 1795. austria, however, did not relinquish its claim over the province until 1797 in the treaty of campo formio.

    the austrian netherlands formed a non-contiguous territory that consisted of what is now western belgium as well as greater luxembourg, bisected by the prince-bishopric of liège. the dominant languages were german (including luxembourgish), dutch (flemish), and french, along with picard and walloon.[citation needed]

    as a result[citation needed] of the barrier treaties of 1709-1715, the holy roman emperor charles vi (r. 1711–1740) showed little apparent interest in the day-to-day rule of the austrian netherlands; yet he insisted on keeping ultimate control of the territories concerned. this caused quite a lot of frustration with austria's own inhabitants, especially because the dutch troops were paid with money that needed to be raised from the austrian netherlands themselves. the war of 1740-1748 showed that austria already had little interest in maintaining the austrian netherlands: constant bickering among the allied commanders meant the french kept the initiative during the campaigns, and the fortifications, manned with mostly dutch troops, were captured with ease by the french army. although the treaty of aix-la-chapelle had stipulated that dutch garrisons should again man the barrier towns, charles's daughter and successor maria theresa, advised by her counselor kaunitz, refused to pay for those troops any longer, unless there were to be negotiations about new trade agreements. in the end, the republic refused to pay for the rebuilding of the fortifications and or to send any troops, but with the barrier towns in ruins and the netherlands now open for a new invasion, she had little to offer. when austria and france entered into an alliance in 1756, there was in effect no purpose in the barrier treaty any more. in 1781 the austrian archduke, emperor joseph ii, unilaterally renounced the treaty.

  • history
  • french rule
  • citations

Austrian Netherlands

Österreichische Niederlande
Pays-Bas Autrichiens
Oostenrijkse Nederlanden
Belgium Austriacum
1714–1794
The Austrian Netherlands in 1789 *   Austrian Netherlands *   Habsburg Monarchy
The Austrian Netherlands in 1789
Austrian Netherlands map-fr.svg
StatusProvince of Austria
State of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalBrussels
Common languagesGerman, French, Dutch, Latin
Religion
Roman Catholic
GovernmentGovernorate
Governor 
• 1716–1724
Francis Eugene (first)
• 1793–1794
Charles Louis (last)
Plenipotentiary 
• 1714–1716
Lothar Dominik (first)
• 1793–1794
Franz Karl (last)
Historical eraEarly Modern
7 March 1714
8 November 1785
1789–1790
18 September 1794
1797
CurrencyKronenthaler
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Spanish Netherlands
French First Republic
Today part of Belgium
 Germany
 Luxembourg
Part of a series on the
Belgium
Leo Belgicus
Timeline
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium portal

The Austrian Netherlands (Dutch: Oostenrijkse Nederlanden; French: Pays-Bas Autrichiens; German: Österreichische Niederlande; Latin: Belgium Austriacum) was the larger part of the Southern Netherlands between 1714 and 1797. The period began with the Austrian acquisition of the former Spanish Netherlands under the Treaty of Rastatt in 1714 and lasted until Revolutionary France annexed the territory during the aftermath of the Battle of Sprimont in 1794 and the Peace of Basel in 1795. Austria, however, did not relinquish its claim over the province until 1797 in the Treaty of Campo Formio.

The Austrian Netherlands formed a non-contiguous territory that consisted of what is now western Belgium as well as greater Luxembourg, bisected by the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. The dominant languages were German (including Luxembourgish), Dutch (Flemish), and French, along with Picard and Walloon.[citation needed]

As a result[citation needed] of the Barrier Treaties of 1709-1715, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI (r. 1711–1740) showed little apparent interest in the day-to-day rule of the Austrian Netherlands; yet he insisted on keeping ultimate control of the territories concerned. This caused quite a lot of frustration with Austria's own inhabitants, especially because the Dutch troops were paid with money that needed to be raised from the Austrian Netherlands themselves. The war of 1740-1748 showed that Austria already had little interest in maintaining the Austrian Netherlands: constant bickering among the Allied commanders meant the French kept the initiative during the campaigns, and the fortifications, manned with mostly Dutch troops, were captured with ease by the French army. Although the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle had stipulated that Dutch garrisons should again man the Barrier towns, Charles's daughter and successor Maria Theresa, advised by her counselor Kaunitz, refused to pay for those troops any longer, unless there were to be negotiations about new trade agreements. In the end, the Republic refused to pay for the rebuilding of the fortifications and or to send any troops, but with the Barrier towns in ruins and the Netherlands now open for a new invasion, she had little to offer. When Austria and France entered into an alliance in 1756, there was in effect no purpose in the Barrier treaty any more. In 1781 the Austrian archduke, Emperor Joseph II, unilaterally renounced the treaty.