Ali Mahdi Muhammad

Ali Mahdi Muhammad
علي مهدي محمد
Ali4th.jpg
4th President of Somalia
In office
26 January 1991 – 3 January 1997
Preceded bySiad Barre
Succeeded byvacant (3 January 1997-27 August 2000);
Abdiqasim Salad Hassan afterwards
Personal details
Born (1939-01-01) 1 January 1939 (age 80)
Jowhar, Middle Shabelle, Italian Somaliland
NationalitySomali
Political partyUnited Somali Congress

Ali Mahdi Muhammad (Somali: Cali Mahdi Maxamed, Arabic: علي مهدي محمد‎) (born January 1, 1939) is a Somali entrepreneur and politician. He served as President of Somalia from January 26, 1991 to January 3, 1997.

Muhammad rose to power after a coalition of armed opposition groups, including his own United Somali Congress, deposed longtime President Siad Barre. However, Muhammad was not able to exert his authority beyond parts of the capital. Power was instead vied with other faction leaders in the southern half of the country and with autonomous subnational entities in the north.[1]

Early life

Muhammad was born in 1939,[2] in Jowhar, an agricultural town in the southern Middle Shabelle region of Somalia (then a colony of Italy known as Italian Somaliland). His family hails from the Abgaal Hawiye clan.[2]