Alexander Suvorov

  • field marshal generalissimo

    the count suvorov
    joseph kreutzinger - portrait of count alexander suvorov - wga12281.jpg
    born24 november 1729 or 1730
    moscow, moscow governorate, russian empire
    died18 may 1800 (aged 69 or 70)
    saint petersburg, russian empire
    buried
    annunciation church, alexander nevsky lavra
    allegiance russian empire
     holy roman empire
    service/branchimperial russian army
    years of service1746–1800
    rankfield marshal and generalissimo of the russian empire.
    battles/warsseven years' war
    • battle of kunersdorf
    • raid on berlin
    • siege of kolberg

    war of the bar confederation

    • battle of lanckorona
    • battle of stołowicze

    first russo-turkish war

    • battle of kozludzha

    kuban nogai uprising second russo-turkish war

    • battle of kinburn
    • siege of ochakov
    • battle of focșani
    • battle of rymnik
    • siege of izmail

    kościuszko uprising

    • battle of brest
    • battle of maciejowice
    • battle of praga

    war of the second coalition

    • battle of trebbia
    • battle of novi
    • battle of cassano
    • suvorov's swiss expedition
    awards
    • order of st. andrew
    • order of st. george
    • order of st. vladimir
    • order of st. alexander nevsky
    • order of st. anna
    • order of the black eagle
    • order of the red eagle
    • order of the white eagle
    • order of sts. maurice and lazarus
    • order of st. john of jerusalem
    • order of st. hubert
    • order of st. stanislaus
    • military order of maria theresa
    • pour le mérite

    alexander vasilyevich suvorov (russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Суво́ров, tr. aleksándr vasíl‘evič suvórov; 24 november [o.s. 13 november] 1729 or 1730 – 18 may [o.s. 6 may] 1800) was a russian military leader, considered a national hero. he was count of rymnik, count of the holy roman empire, prince of italy, and the last generalissimo of the russian empire.

    suvorov was born in moscow. he studied military history as a young boy and joined the imperial russian army at the age of 17. during the seven years' war he was promoted to colonel in 1762 for his success on the battlefield. when war broke out with the bar confederation in 1768, suvorov captured kraków and defeated the poles at lanckorona and stołowicze, bringing about the start of the partitions of poland. he was promoted to general and next fought in the russo-turkish war of 1768–1774, winning a decisive victory at the battle of kozludzha. becoming the general of the infantry in 1786, he commanded in the russo-turkish war of 1787–1792 and won crushing victories at the battle of rymnik and siege of izmail. for his accomplishments, he was made a count of both the russian empire and holy roman empire. suvorov put down a polish uprising in 1794, defeating them at the battle of maciejowice and storming warsaw.

    while a close associate of empress catherine the great, suvorov often quarreled with her son and heir apparent paul. after catherine died of a stroke in 1796, paul i was crowned emperor and dismissed suvorov for disregarding his orders. however, he was forced to reinstate suvorov and make him a field marshal at the insistence of the coalition allies for the french revolutionary wars.[1] suvorov was given command of the austro-russian army, captured milan, and drove the french out of italy at the battles of cassano d'adda, trebbia, and novi.[2] suvorov was made a prince of italy for his deeds. afterwards he became surrounded in the swiss alps by the french after a russian army he was supposed to unite with was routed before he could arrive. suvorov led the strategic withdrawal of russian troops while fighting off french forces four times the size of his and returned to russia with minimal casualties, for which he became the fourth generalissimo of russia. he died in 1800 of illness in saint petersburg.

    suvorov is considered one of the greatest commanders in russian and world history.[3] he was awarded numerous medals, titles, and honors by russia, as well as by other countries. suvorov secured russia's expanded borders and renewed military prestige and left a legacy of theories on warfare. he was famed for his military manual the science of victory and noted for several of his sayings.[4] several military academies, monuments, villages, museums, and orders are dedicated to him. he never lost a single major battle he had commanded.[5]

  • early life and career
  • battles against the ottoman empire
  • battles against polish uprising
  • suvorov's italian campaign
  • progeny and titles
  • assessment
  • legacy
  • literary references
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links


The Count Suvorov
Joseph Kreutzinger - Portrait of Count Alexander Suvorov - WGA12281.jpg
Born24 November 1729 or 1730
Moscow, Moscow Governorate, Russian Empire
Died18 May 1800 (aged 69 or 70)
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Buried
Allegiance Russian Empire
 Holy Roman Empire
Service/branchImperial Russian Army
Years of service1746–1800
RankField Marshal and Generalissimo of the Russian Empire.
Battles/warsSeven Years' War

War of the Bar Confederation

First Russo-Turkish War

Kuban Nogai Uprising Second Russo-Turkish War

Kościuszko Uprising

War of the Second Coalition

Awards

Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Суво́ров, tr. Aleksándr Vasíl‘evič Suvórov; 24 November [O.S. 13 November] 1729 or 1730 – 18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1800) was a Russian military leader, considered a national hero. He was Count of Rymnik, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince of Italy, and the last Generalissimo of the Russian Empire.

Suvorov was born in Moscow. He studied military history as a young boy and joined the Imperial Russian Army at the age of 17. During the Seven Years' War he was promoted to colonel in 1762 for his success on the battlefield. When war broke out with the Bar Confederation in 1768, Suvorov captured Kraków and defeated the Poles at Lanckorona and Stołowicze, bringing about the start of the Partitions of Poland. He was promoted to general and next fought in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774, winning a decisive victory at the Battle of Kozludzha. Becoming the General of the Infantry in 1786, he commanded in the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–1792 and won crushing victories at the Battle of Rymnik and Siege of Izmail. For his accomplishments, he was made a Count of both the Russian Empire and Holy Roman Empire. Suvorov put down a Polish uprising in 1794, defeating them at the Battle of Maciejowice and storming Warsaw.

While a close associate of Empress Catherine the Great, Suvorov often quarreled with her son and heir apparent Paul. After Catherine died of a stroke in 1796, Paul I was crowned Emperor and dismissed Suvorov for disregarding his orders. However, he was forced to reinstate Suvorov and make him a field marshal at the insistence of the coalition allies for the French Revolutionary Wars.[1] Suvorov was given command of the Austro-Russian army, captured Milan, and drove the French out of Italy at the Battles of Cassano d'Adda, Trebbia, and Novi.[2] Suvorov was made a Prince of Italy for his deeds. Afterwards he became surrounded in the Swiss Alps by the French after a Russian army he was supposed to unite with was routed before he could arrive. Suvorov led the strategic withdrawal of Russian troops while fighting off French forces four times the size of his and returned to Russia with minimal casualties, for which he became the fourth Generalissimo of Russia. He died in 1800 of illness in Saint Petersburg.

Suvorov is considered one of the greatest commanders in Russian and world history.[3] He was awarded numerous medals, titles, and honors by Russia, as well as by other countries. Suvorov secured Russia's expanded borders and renewed military prestige and left a legacy of theories on warfare. He was famed for his military manual The Science of Victory and noted for several of his sayings.[4] Several military academies, monuments, villages, museums, and orders are dedicated to him. He never lost a single major battle he had commanded.[5]