Adolfo Hohenstein

Adolfo Hohenstein
Born(1854-03-18)18 March 1854
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (today's Russia)
Died12 April 1928(1928-04-12) (aged 74)
Bonn, Germany
NationalityGermany
Known forPainting, Illustration, Decorative art
Notable work
Tosca and La Bohème posters, Campari ads
MovementArt Nouveau, called Stile Liberty in Italy

Adolfo Hohenstein (Saint Petersburg, 18 March 1854 – Bonn, 12 April 1928) was a German painter, advertiser, illustrator, set designer and costume designer. He's considered the father of the Italian poster art and an exponent of the Stile Liberty, the Italian Art Nouveau. Together with Leonetto Cappiello, Giovanni Mario Mataloni, Leopoldo Metlicovitz and Marcello Dudovich, he's considered one of the most important Italian poster designers.

Early years

Adolfo Hohenstein: 1899 advertising poster

Adolfo Hohenstein was born in Saint Petersburg, the capital of Russian Empire, to German parents, Julius and Laura Irack. His father was a forest engineer, whose career prompted him to travel extensively. Adolfo moves to Vienna where he grows up and completes his studies. His travels take him to India, where he decorates the houses of the local nobility.