2001 in spaceflight

This article outlines notable events occurring in 2001 in spaceflight, including major launches and EVAs.

2001 in spaceflight
Mir on 12 June 1998edit1.jpg
The Mir space station, which was deorbited on 23 March
Orbital launches
First9 January
Last28 December
Total59
Successes58
Failures1
Catalogued58
Rockets
Maiden flightsGSLV
H-IIA 202
Proton-M
Soyuz-FG
RetirementsAriane 4 44P
Ariane 4 44LP
v
  • t
  • Launches

    Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
    Payload
    (⚀ = CubeSat)
    Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
    Remarks

    January

    9 January
    17:00
    ChinaLong March 2F ChinaJiuquan China
    ChinaShenzhou 2 CASC Low Earth Test spacecraft 16 January
    11:22
    Successful
    ChinaShenzhou spacecraft orbital module CASC Low Earth Test spacecraft 24 August
    09:05
    Successful
    10 January
    22:09
    European UnionAriane 4 44P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
    TurkeyTurksat 2A Eurasiasat SAM Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    24 January
    04:28
    RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
    RussiaProgress M1-5 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Deorbit Mir 23 March
    05:50
    Successful
    Final spacecraft to dock with the Mir space station.
    Remained docked during re-entry.
    30 January
    07:55
    United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
    United StatesGPS IIR-7 (USA-156) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational

    February

    7 February
    23:05
    European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
    Sicral Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
    United KingdomSkynet 4F MoD (UK) Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
    Skynet 4F is the final ECS-class satellite.
    7 February
    23:13
    United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
    United StatesSTS-98 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 20 February
    20:33
    Successful
    United NationsDestiny NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
    Manned orbital flight with 5 astronauts
    20 February
    08:48
    RussiaStart-1 RussiaSvobodniy Site 5 Russia
    SwedenOdin SSC Low Earth Infrared astronomy In orbit Operational
    26 February
    08:09
    RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
    RussiaProgress M-44 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 16 April
    13:23
    Successful
    ISS flight 3P
    27 February
    21:20
    United StatesTitan IVB (401)/Centaur United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesLockheed Martin
    United StatesMilstar 2 (USA-157) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

    March

    8 March
    11:42
    United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
    United StatesSTS-102 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 21 March
    07:31
    Successful
    ItalyUnited StatesLeonardo MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
    Manned orbital flight with 7 astronauts, ISS crew exchange (launched Expedition 2)
    Maiden flight of Multi-Purpose Logistics Module
    8 March
    22:51
    European UnionAriane 5G FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
    FranceEurobird Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    Japan BSAT-2A BSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    18 March
    22:33
    UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
    United States XM-2 "Rock" XM Satellite Radio Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Partial satellite failure
    Design fault with solar panels led to shorter operational life, deactivated November 2006

    April

    7 April
    03:47
    RussiaProton-M/Briz-M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 Russia
    RussiaEkran-M 18 GPKS Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    Maiden flight of Proton-M
    7 April
    15:02
    United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
    United States2001 Mars Odyssey NASA Areocentric Mars orbiter In orbit Operational
    18 April
    10:13
    IndiaGSLV IndiaSatish Dhawan IndiaISRO
    IndiaGSAT-1 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Failure
    Payload placed in incorrect orbit due to underpowered upper stage of launch vehicle
    Maiden flight of GSLV
    19 April
    18:40
    United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
    United StatesSTS-100 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 1 May
    16:10
    Successful
    ItalyUnited StatesRaffaello MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
    CanadaCanadarm2 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
    Manned orbital flight with 7 astronauts
    28 April
    07:37
    RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
    RussiaSoyuz TM-32 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS escape craft 31 October Successful
    Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts including the first space tourist, whose flight was arranged by the American company Space Adventures

    May

    8 May
    22:10
    UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
    United States XM-1 "Roll" XM Satellite Radio Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Partial satellite failure
    Design fault with solar panels led to shorter operational life, deactivated November 2006
    15 May
    01:11
    RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
    United States Panamsat 10 PanAmSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    18 May
    17:45
    United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
    United States GeoLITE (USA-158) NRO Geostationary Experimental communications In orbit Operational
    20 May
    22:32
    RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
    RussiaProgress M1-6 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 22 August Successful
    Maiden flight of Soyuz-FG
    ISS flight 4P
    29 May
    17:55
    RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
    Russia Kosmos 2377 MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 10 October Successful

    June

    8 June
    15:08
    RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132 RussiaVKS
    Russia Kosmos 2378 MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
    9 June
    06:45
    European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
    United NationsIntelsat 901 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    16 June
    01:49
    RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
    LuxembourgAstra 2C SES Astra Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    19 June
    04:41
    United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36B RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
    United States ICO F2 ICO Medium Earth Communications In orbit Operational
    30 June
    17:45
    United StatesDelta II 7425-10 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
    United StatesWMAP NASA Earth-Sun L2 Lagrange Point Astronomy In orbit Successful
    Ceased operations on 20 August 2010, subsequently manoeuvred into heliocentric orbit on 8 September[1]

    July

    12 July
    09:03
    United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
    United StatesSTS-104 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 25 July
    03:38
    Successful
    United NationsQuest NASA Low Earth ISS component In orbit Operational
    Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
    12 July
    21:58
    European UnionAriane 5G FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
    European Union Artemis ESA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Partial launch failure
    Operational
    Japan BSAT-2B BSAT Intended: Geosynchronous
    Achieved: Medium Earth
    Communications 28 January 2014 Launch failure
    Premature cutoff of 2nd stage. Artemis reached correct orbit under own power, BSAT abandoned in useless orbit
    20 July
    00:17
    Russia Molniya-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia VKS
    RussiaMolniya 3–51 MO RF Molniya Communications 19 December 2016[2] Successful
    23 July
    07:23
    United StatesAtlas IIA United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36A
    United StatesGOES-12 (GOES-M) NOAA Geosynchronous Weather satellite In orbit Operational
    31 July
    08:00
    Ukraine Tsyklon-3 Russia Plesetsk Site 32/2 Russia VKS
    Russia Koronas F RAKA Sun-synchronous Solar observation 6 December 2005[3] Successful

    August

    6 August
    07:28
    United StatesTitan IVB (402)/IUS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesLockheed Martin
    United StatesDSP-21 (USA-159) US Air Force Geosynchronous Missile early warning In orbit Operational
    8 August
    16:13
    United StatesDelta II 7326-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
    United StatesGenesis NASA Earth-Sun L1 Lagrange Point Solar Wind sample return 8 September 2004 Partial failure
    Parachute failed to deploy upon return to Earth, some samples recovered from wreckage
    10 August
    21:10
    United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
    United StatesSTS-105 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 22 August
    03:38
    Successful
    ItalyUnited StatesLeonardo MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
    United States Simplesat NASA Low Earth Astronomy 30 January 2002 Failure
    Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
    ISS crew exchange (launched Expedition 3)
    Simplesat released 20 August 18:30 UTC, and failed to contact ground
    21 August
    09:23
    RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
    RussiaProgress M-45 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 22 November Successful
    ISS flight 5P
    24 August
    20:35
    RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaVKS
    RussiaKosmos 2379 VKS Geosynchronous Early warning In orbit Operational
    29 August
    07:00
    JapanH-IIA 202 JapanTanegashima LA-Y1 Japan
    JapanLRE NASDA Geostationary transfer Orbit determination In orbit Successful
    Japan VEP-2 NASDA Geostationary transfer Boilerplate spacecraft In orbit Successful
    Maiden flight of H-IIA
    30 August
    06:46
    European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
    United NationsIntelsat 902 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

    September

    8 September
    15:25
    United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E
    United StatesNOSS C1-1 (USA-160) NRO Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Operational
    United StatesNOSS C1-1 (USA-160-2) NRO Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Operational
    14 September
    23:34
    RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
    RussiaProgress M-SO1 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Orbital tug 26 September Successful
    United NationsPirs Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
    ISS flight 4R
    21 September
    18:49
    United StatesTaurus 2110 United StatesVandenberg LC-576E United StatesOrbital Sciences
    United States Orbview-4 OrbImage Intended: Low Earth Earth observation 21 September Launch failure
    United States QuikTOMS NASA Intended: Low Earth Ozone observation
    United States SBD Orbital Sciences Boilerplate spacecraft
    United StatesCelestis-4 Celestis Intended: Low Earth Space burial
    Failed to reach orbit after control issues
    25 September
    23:21
    European UnionAriane 4 44P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
    France Atlantic Bird 2 Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    Final flight of Ariane 4 44P
    30 September
    02:40
    United StatesAthena I United StatesKodiak LP-1 United StatesLockheed Martin
    United States Starshine 3 NASA Low Earth 21 January 2003 Successful
    United States Picosat 9 US Air Force Low Earth Electronic component testing In orbit Successful
    United States PCSat US Air Force Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
    United States Sapphire Stanford University Low Earth In orbit Operational
    Kodiak Star, Space Test Program mission. Final flight of Athena I, and at the time final flight of the Athena family, which was later reactivated. First orbital launch from Kodiak Island.

    October

    5 October
    21:21
    United StatesTitan IVB (404) United StatesVandenberg SLC-4E United StatesLockheed Martin
    United States EIS-2 (USA-161) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
    6 October
    16:45
    RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81 RussiaVKS
    Russia Raduga-1 VKS Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    11 October
    02:32
    United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36B
    United States Aquila (USA-162) NRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    18 October
    18:51
    United States Delta II 7320-10 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Boeing IDS
    United States QuickBird 2 DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation 27 January 2015[4] Successful
    21 October
    08:59
    RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
    RussiaSoyuz TM-33 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS escape craft 5 May 2002
    03:52
    Successful
    Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
    22 October
    04:53
    IndiaPSLV IndiaSatish Dhawan IndiaISRO
    IndiaTES ISRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
    European UnionPROBA ESA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
    BIRD Low Earth Earth imaging In orbit Operational
    24 October Taiwan Sounding Rocket II TaiwanJiu Peng Air Base TaiwanNSPO
    NSPO Suborbital Ionospheric research 24 October Launch failure
    25 October
    11:34
    RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
    RussiaMolniya 3–52 VKS Molniya Communications 6 December 2011 Successful

    November

    26 November
    18:24
    RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
    RussiaProgress M1-7 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 20 March 2002 Successful
    RussiaKolibri RAKA Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 May 2002 Successful
    ISS flight 6P
    Kolibri deployed from Progress on 19 March 2002
    27 November
    00:35
    European UnionAriane 4 44LP FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
    United States DirecTV-4S DirecTV Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
    Final flight of Ariane 4 44LP

    December

    1 December
    18:04
    RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur RussiaVKS
    RussiaKosmos 2382 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
    Russia Kosmos 2383 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
    Russia Kosmos 2384 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
    5 December
    22:19
    United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
    United StatesSTS-108 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 17 December
    17:55
    Successful
    ItalyUnited StatesRaffaello MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
    United States Starshine 2 NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 26 April 2002 Successful
    Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
    ISS crew exchange (launched Expedition 4)
    Starshine 2 released 16 December, 15:02 UTC
    7 December
    15:07
    United StatesDelta II 7920-10 United StatesVandenberg SLC-2W United StatesBoeing IDS
    FranceUnited StatesJason 1 CNES/NASA Low Earth Oceanography In orbit Operational
    United StatesTIMED NASA Low Earth Solar research In orbit Operational
    10 December
    17:18
    UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1
    Russia Meteor 3M-1 Rosaviakosmos Low Earth Weather satellite In orbit Operational
    Kompas IZMIRAN Low Earth Earthquake prediction In orbit Operational
    Badr B Low Earth Earth imaging In orbit Operational
    Morocco Maroc-Tubsat Centre Royal de Teledetection Spatiale Low Earth Earth imaging/Communications In orbit Operational
    Russia United States Reflector Rosaviakosmos/US Air Force Low Earth Space debris research In orbit Operational
    21 December
    04:00
    Ukraine Tsyklon-2 Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 90/20
    Russia Kosmos 2383 Russian Navy Low Earth Reconnaissance 20 March 2004
    18:54[5]
    Successful
    28 December
    03:24
    UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32/2 RussiaVKS
    Russia Kosmos 2384 (Strela) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
    Russia Kosmos 2385 (Strela) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
    Russia Kosmos 2386 (Strela) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
    Russia Gonets D1-10 (Gonets) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
    Russia Gonets D1-11 (Gonets) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
    Russia Gonets D1-12 (Gonets) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational