1994 German federal election

1994 German federal election

← 199016 October 1994 (1994-10-16)1998 →

All 672 seats in the Bundestag
337 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout79.0% (voting eligible)[1]
 First partySecond partyThird party
 KAS-Kohl, Helmut-Bild-2574-3.jpgBundeswehr-Foto BVM012 Rudolf Scharping.jpgAntje Vollmer.jpg
LeaderHelmut KohlRudolf ScharpingAntje Vollmer
PartyCDU/CSUSPDGreen
Leader since19731993
Last election319 seats239 seats8 seats
Seats won29425249
Seat changeDecrease25Increase13Increase41
Popular vote19,517,15617,140,3543,424,315
Percentage41.4%36.4%7.3%
SwingDecrease2.4%Increase2.9%Increase2.3%

 Fourth partyFifth party
 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F063645-0024, Pullach, Besuch Carstens beim BND.jpgGregor gysi.vortrag 1997.universitaet-hildesheim.jpg
LeaderKlaus KinkelGregor Gysi
PartyFDPPDS
Leader since19931990
Last election79 seats17 seats
Seats won4730
Seat changeDecrease32Increase13
Popular vote3,258,4072,066,176
Percentage6.9%4.4%
SwingDecrease4.1%Increase2.0%

German Federal Election - Party list vote results by state - 1994.png
Party list election results by state: dark blue denotes states where CSU had the absolute majority of the votes; lighter blue denotes states where CDU had the plurality of votes; and pink denotes states where the SPD had the plurality of votes

Chancellor before election

Helmut Kohl
CDU/CSU

Elected Chancellor

Helmut Kohl
CDU/CSU

Federal elections were held in Germany on 16 October 1994 to elect the members of the 13th Bundestag. The CDU/CSU alliance led by Helmut Kohl remained the largest faction in parliament, with Kohl remaining Chancellor. This elected Bundestag was largest in history until 2017, numbering 672 members.

Issues and campaign

The SPD let its members elect a candidate for Chancellor against Helmut Kohl. Rudolf Scharping, Minister-President of Rhineland-Palatinate, beat Gerhard Schröder and Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul in the SPD's internal election. Tension between Scharping and other SPD leaders such as Oskar Lafontaine and Gerhard Schröder hampered his campaign.

For the first time in their existence, the Greens seemed to be willing to actually join a government in the event that a centre-left SPD-Grünen coalition had a workable majority in the Bundestag.