1990 German federal election

  • 1990 german federal election

    ← west (1987)
    east (1990)
    2 december 1990 (1990-12-02) 1994 →

    all 662 seats in the bundestag
    332 seats were needed for a majority
    registered60,436,560 increase 33.3%
    turnout46,995,915 (77.8%)[1] decrease 6.5 pp
      first party second party third party
      bundesarchiv b 145 bild-f074398-0021 kohl (cropped).jpg oskar lafontaine (1990).jpg otto graf lambsdorff (1990).jpg
    leader helmut kohl oskar lafontaine otto graf lambsdorff
    party cdu/csu spd fdp
    leader since 1973 1988
    last election 234 seats 193 seats 48 seats
    seats won 319 239 79
    seat change increase85 increase46 increase31
    popular vote 20,358,096 15,545,366 5,123,233
    percentage 43.8% 33.5% 11.0%
    swing decrease0.4% decrease3.5% increase1.9%

      fourth party fifth party
      petra kelly, 1987 (cropped).jpg bundesarchiv bild 183-1990-1202-011, berlin, bundestagswahl, gregor gysi (cropped).jpg
    leader petra kelly gregor gysi
    party green pds
    leader since 1990
    last election 44 seats new party
    seats won 8 17
    seat change decrease36 increase17
    popular vote 2,347,407 1,129,578
    percentage 5.0% 2.4%
    swing decrease3.3% increase2.4%

    german federal election - party list vote results by state - 1990.png
    party list election results by state: dark blue denotes states where csu had the absolute majority of the votes; lighter blue denotes states where cdu had the plurality of votes; red denotes states where the spd had the absolute majority of the votes; and pink denotes states where the spd had the plurality of votes

    chancellor before election

    helmut kohl
    cdu/csu

    elected chancellor

    helmut kohl
    cdu/csu

    federal elections were held in germany on 2 december 1990 to elect the members of the 12th bundestag. this was the first all-german election since the nazi show election in april 1938, the first multi-party all-german election since that of march 1933, which was held after the nazi seizure of power and was subject to widespread suppression, and the first free and fair all-german election since november 1932. the result was a comprehensive victory for the governing coalition of the christian democratic union/christian social union and the free democratic party, which was reelected to a third term.

  • issues and campaign
  • results
  • post-election
  • references
  • sources

1990 German federal election

← West (1987)
East (1990)
2 December 1990 (1990-12-02) 1994 →

All 662 seats in the Bundestag
332 seats were needed for a majority
Registered60,436,560 Increase 33.3%
Turnout46,995,915 (77.8%)[1] Decrease 6.5 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F074398-0021 Kohl (cropped).jpg Oskar Lafontaine (1990).jpg Otto Graf Lambsdorff (1990).jpg
Leader Helmut Kohl Oskar Lafontaine Otto Graf Lambsdorff
Party CDU/CSU SPD FDP
Leader since 1973 1988
Last election 234 seats 193 seats 48 seats
Seats won 319 239 79
Seat change Increase85 Increase46 Increase31
Popular vote 20,358,096 15,545,366 5,123,233
Percentage 43.8% 33.5% 11.0%
Swing Decrease0.4% Decrease3.5% Increase1.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Petra Kelly, 1987 (cropped).jpg Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1990-1202-011, Berlin, Bundestagswahl, Gregor Gysi (cropped).jpg
Leader Petra Kelly Gregor Gysi
Party Green PDS
Leader since 1990
Last election 44 seats new party
Seats won 8 17
Seat change Decrease36 Increase17
Popular vote 2,347,407 1,129,578
Percentage 5.0% 2.4%
Swing Decrease3.3% Increase2.4%

German Federal Election - Party list vote results by state - 1990.png
Party list election results by state: dark blue denotes states where CSU had the absolute majority of the votes; lighter blue denotes states where CDU had the plurality of votes; red denotes states where the SPD had the absolute majority of the votes; and pink denotes states where the SPD had the plurality of votes

Chancellor before election

Helmut Kohl
CDU/CSU

Elected Chancellor

Helmut Kohl
CDU/CSU

Federal elections were held in Germany on 2 December 1990 to elect the members of the 12th Bundestag. This was the first all-German election since the Nazi show election in April 1938, the first multi-party all-German election since that of March 1933, which was held after the Nazi seizure of power and was subject to widespread suppression, and the first free and fair all-German election since November 1932. The result was a comprehensive victory for the governing coalition of the Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union and the Free Democratic Party, which was reelected to a third term.